End-stage kidney disease is a condition when the kidneys are no longer able to function.
This health problem, known as kidney failure, is the fifth stage or stage of chronic kidney disease.
The main function of the kidneys is to remove waste and excess fluid from the body, reports VerywellHealth.
Apart from this, this vital organ also helps in the production of red blood cells and control of blood pressure.
Identify the characteristics and causes of end stage kidney disease to raise awareness of this health problem.
End-stage kidney disease symptoms
When the kidneys are not working properly, sufferers usually feel some symptoms of end-stage kidney disease. According to the Cleveland Clinic, here are some of them:
- Itching all over the body
- no appetite or loss of appetite
- Has a metallic or iron taste in the mouth
- frequent muscle spasms or muscle twitches
- nausea and vomiting
- shortness of breath or heavy breathing
- swollen feet, especially in the ankles
- urine that passes too little or too much
- hard to sleep
If you find the symptoms of end stage kidney disease above, take the patient to the nearest doctor or hospital immediately.
Doctors can diagnose this health problem by doing a physical exam and seeing the results of a patient’s complete blood test.
If not treated promptly, the disease can lead to fatal complications ranging from severe anemia, fluid buildup in the lungs and heart, nerve damage, brain damage, to stroke.
Before it develops into end-stage kidney disease, there are several conditions and diseases that can trigger kidney failure, including:
- heart disease
- uncontrolled diabetes and high blood pressure
- drug abuse
- Urinary tract infections that are not given proper medical treatment
- heredity factor
- chronic inflammation
- congenital kidney disorder
- kidney cyst disease
- chronic kidney stone disease
- autoimmune diseases such as lupus
Be aware of the characteristics of the above end-stage kidney disease, especially for those who belong to the risk group.
Remember, kidney failure is not a final decision. The disease can still be managed by balancing it with dialysis and healthy lifestyle behaviors.