New York-Twenty years after being destroyed in the September 11 attack, the reconstruction of the World Trade Center has not yet been completed.
Two planned skyscrapers, a performing arts center, and a church are still unfinished at the site. An annual ceremony will be held on Saturday to commemorate the nearly 3,000 people killed in the attack.
Nevertheless, visitors to the commemorative event will find a place that no longer has the feel of an architectural area, even if the work continues.
The memorial square with double reflecting pools opened in 2011. One World Trade Center (formerly known as the spire of the Freedom Tower) opened in 2014, and the National Memorial and Museum also opened in 2014 on September 11. An underground transportation hub and shopping center opened in 2016. Three other towers used to replace those killed in the attack have also been opened.
However, cranes and construction fences can still be seen around the construction site. The following is the unfinished work:
2 World Trade Center
It is planned to be the second tallest skyscraper at the site, the 2 World Trade Center, which may one day reach 80 floors. But for now, in the northeast corner of the trade center site, only one low building exists as a placeholder, covered with colorful graffiti-style murals.
Developer Larry Silverstein has stated that he hopes to sign a major tenant for the tower before construction begins.
Although the coronavirus pandemic has left the office building empty, the 90-year-old said he believes he will find tenants so that the tower designed by Norman Foster can be built in his lifetime.
“In the final analysis, my goal is to put the shovel on the ground as soon as possible to complete the reconstruction project we started 20 years ago,” Silverstein said in an email statement.
Performing Arts Center
After years of delays, the Ronald O. Perelman Performing Arts Center is under construction, just to the west of the future site of World Trade Center 2 and is scheduled to open in 2023.
Although the performance center was part of the original plan of Daniel Libeskind, master planner of the World Trade Center, in the years after Frank Gehry and the Norwegian company Snøhetta were commissioned to design in 2004 , Disputes about its budget and design threatened its viability.
In 2015, the leadership of the center announced a new team of architects, Joshua Prince-Ramus and Davis Brody Bond of Rex Architecture PC, who designed a translucent glass and marble cube.
Upon completion, the top floor of the art center will house a group of flexible spaces that can be configured as one, two or three theaters for drama, dance, film and music. The free performance will take place on a small stage on the lobby level.
“All components are automated, so the walls, floors and seats can be moved,” said Leslie Koch, the chairman of the center.
Banker and investor Perelman won the naming rights with a donation of $75 million. In addition to that gift, the $500 million center is under construction, including private donations and $100 million from the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, which was established after the attack to stimulate reconstruction. Former New York City Mayor Mike Bloomberg is the chairman of the board and a donor.
Greek Orthodox Church
The long-delayed construction of the Greek Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas and the National Shrine replaced the only chapel destroyed in the attack. After years of delay, it is now advancing rapidly.
This building designed by architect Santiago Calatrava will rise near the southeast corner of Zero Ground and will overlook the Memorial Plaza from a height above the top of another building that houses the World Trade Center underground Entrance to the garage.
The church is scheduled to be completed next year and is surrounded by a small public park with a Byzantine dome and marble cladding that can be illuminated from the inside.
The project was first postponed due to a location dispute between the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of the United States and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which owns the trading center. Then, after the archdiocese defaulted on payment, the cost of the project soared and construction stopped at the end of 2017.
A new entity, the Friends of St. Nicholas, is led by a group of wealthy Greek-Americans who will manage and raise the remaining funds on behalf of the archdiocese. Construction resumed in August 2020, and the final cost is estimated to be close to US$85 million.
The Archdiocese plans to hold a lighting ceremony in the unfinished building on September 10.
5 World Trade Center
Construction of the tower has not yet begun to replace the office building occupied by Deutsche Bank, which was damaged and contaminated by debris from the collapsed twin towers. The original building was demolished between 2007 and 2011-this work brought its own tragedy. In a fire in 2007, two firefighters were killed in the building.
In recent years, LMDC and the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey have selected a partnership led by Brookfield Properties and Silverstein Properties to develop the cleared land into a 900-foot (270-meter) tower, in addition to office and retail space. 1,325 apartments.
“We expect that if everything goes according to plan, the building should be completed in about five years,” said Dara McQuillan, director of marketing at Silverstein Properties.
The plan calls for 25% of apartments to be designated as affordable apartments and rented out at below-market prices. But some neighborhood residents say this is not good enough. They want all apartments to be affordable.
Todd Fine, a conservation advocate for Lower Manhattan, said: “The general demand has always been affordable housing.” Fine called the 330 below-market apartments “very few”.
Associated Press reporter Peter Smith contributed to this report.