The fossils of three-eyed marine animals that are millions of years old managed to surprise scientists because they are perfectly preserved.
Animals that have three eyes have wings similar to those of birds. It is possible that these animals roamed the shallow seas in the Cambra period, about 500 million years ago.
Even though it is millions of years old, in fact the fossils of this animal are still very well preserved.
Three-eyed marine animal fossil discovered
Scientists have found the fossil of a predatory animal that has three eyes and feathers in the sea. the animal was then named Stanlicari herpex Or S. herpex.
Scientists suspect that these animals lived in the Cambrian period. s. Hyrapex also became the first animal with three eyes in the arthropod group that included insects, crustaceans, and arachnids.
S. hirpex is about the size of a human hand. This animal has two bulging eyes on the left and right sides and a very large third eye in the middle.
The scientist involved in the research, Joseph Moyciuk of the University of Toronto, Canada, explained that S. hirpex may have a very sophisticated visual system.
The visual system serves to chase and move prey rapidly.
Moyciuk and his colleagues recently examined hundreds of preserved S. hyrapex fossils. This fossil was excavated from the Cambrian Burgess Shale, Canadian Rockies, British Columbia.
Because they are well preserved, 268 of those specimens also have intact soft tissue, including nerves, brain, and reflective material in their visual system.
including ferocious animals
Research says that these fossils of three-eyed sea creatures are quite clever. The lower third of the body of S. hirpex consists of 17 segments with a hard part.
The wings of S. hirpex are wing-shaped. Most likely this animal fossil is more than 506 million years old.
According to Moysiuk, the visual system in S. hirpex is useful for capturing prey quickly. They have a complex sensor system with eyeballs with various functions.
The discovery of S. hirpex fossils is like watching the evolution of hunter-gatherer nations. “It’s like we’re witnessing the evolution of the first hunter-gatherer races,” Moyciuk said.
S. hirpex has two pairs of tails which are hard and tough. Not only this, they also have sharp claws that can scratch their prey and toothed jaws.
Moyciuk also suspected that a large central eye in conjunction with the two lateral eyes was a common feature of early invertebrates.
For example, the 520 million year old Lyrarapax has a structure similar to S. hirpex on its forehead, which is probably the eyeball.
Three-eyed marine animal is the name of the fossil group Radiodonta. Their distinctive structure consists of a pair of bulging and elongated eyes as well as various oddly shaped organs.