Saturday, September 24, 2022

8 Big Mysteries of the Solar System That Will Surprise You

The solar system still holds many mysteries. Here are eight surprising secrets.

Photo galaxy insurance power. (Wikipedia Commons / NASA)

Hitekno.com – Many big mysteries of the solar system that attract attention and make you curious. Even some of the puzzling mysteries of the solar system.

Astronomy is an interesting thing to learn. The more you learn about the universe, the more you realize the amazing things that are happening. Discovery often raises more questions than answers.

The Solar System is depicted with a collection of mysterious looking celestial objects. Its extraordinary existence makes the solar system difficult to explain scientifically. Earlier, scientists had discovered ice-spewing volcanoes on Pluto.

The Solar System is home to all kinds of elusive and confusing phenomena. There are many such mysteries of the solar system that are being discovered by scientists.

Here’s The Big Mystery Of The Solar System Compiled By HiTekno.com listverse for you.

1. Strange Things Are in the Clouds of Venus

Planet Venus. (NASA)

The sky of Venus is full of strange and elusive things. Scientists say that we can learn a lot from the clouds hovering over our neighboring planet. Astronomers think that Venus was once similar to Earth. Its surface is covered with large lakes and oceans.

But toxic gases and a hot atmosphere are scorching the planet, turning Venus’s wetlands into an arid landscape. Many questions, can humans live on Venus. About thirty miles (fifty kilometers) above the surface of Venus, the temperature and pressure are said to be similar to those of Earth.

In 2023, Rocket Lab plans to send robots to look for signs of extraterrestrial life in the Venusian clouds. A California spacecraft company hopes to find a living creature floating for miles above the barren land.

2. Space Storm Earth’s Shadow

Earth illustration.  (pixabay)
Earth illustration. (pixabay)

In 2014, scientists noticed a strange vortex moving above the North Pole. The unusual auroral light spiral, more than 600 miles wide, dazzled the sky for eight hours before disappearing into the night.

Until recently, however, researchers struggled to explain what a giant patch of light was and why it was there. Physicists from Shandong University in China have succeeded in explaining the situation. Using satellite data collected during the Cold War, Qing-He Zhang explained that the mysterious ‘space storm’ was a giant spiral of electrically charged gas.

The celestial whirlpool seen in 2014 was created by a shower of electrons ejected from the Sun. Tiny particles flow into Earth’s magnetic field, collide with gas atoms in the upper atmosphere and release a bright flash of light. Zhang and his team estimate that a space storm may have occurred before 2014, but this is the first time scientists have identified one.

3. Methane Points for Life on Mars

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Portrait of Wallace Marineris from space, resembling black stripes.  (NASA)
Illustration planet Mars. (NASA)

Astronomers have detected methane several times on Mars. The presence of the gas has led some scientists to speculate that life may exist on the Red Planet. On Earth, living organisms are the most common producers of methane. Every time new scientists find new evidence of Martian methane, they are one step closer to finding out whether there is life on our neighboring planet.

In 2019, NASA’s Curiosity vehicle discovered a spike in methane gas in the Martian atmosphere. The highest spike was detected inside Gale, a 154 km (96 mi) wide crater that the rover has discovered since landing in 2012. This isn’t the first time Curiosity has faced a methane spike. The exploratory rover detected the gas twice since 2013-14, but this is much less than the most recent measurements.

Incredible discovery points to extraterrestrial life, but it is not definitive proof. Methane is also generated through geological processes, such as when some rock minerals react with water. Astronomers need to gather more evidence before the source of the gas can be identified.

4. Mysterious Humm Found on Mars

Planet Mars.  (wikipedia/NASA)
Planet Mars. (wikipedia/NASA)

When NASA launched its InSight lander to study Mars in 2018, no one expected the discovery of the humming planet. But that’s exactly what the spacecraft found. According to InSight readings, the Red Planet emits an endless hump punctuated by earthquakes and aftershocks.

And no one can understand the reason for this. The aircraft is equipped with high precision seismometers and various detectors. Researchers say data from InSight has revealed a lot about the planet’s structure and magnetic field. Since landing, the lander has recorded more than 450 cases of seismic activity – or, as some experts call it, ‘marsquakes’.

Unlike Earth, Mars does not have plate tectonics, which means scientists are still trying to figure out how earthquakes occurred. Reason. But the most surprising part of InSight’s discovery was the mysterious movement of Mars. The seismic signal resonates at 2.4 Hz and sounds louder as the planet moves.

5. Methane Rains on Saturn’s Largest Moon

Planet Saturn.  (pixabay / looser)
Planet Saturn. (pixabay / looser)

Saturn’s largest moon Titan has some unusual weather patterns. Apart from Earth, it is the only known object in the Solar System where liquid precipitation occurs on solid surfaces. However, unlike Earth, precipitation is rare on Titan.

According to NASA’s Cassini orbiter, Titan has regions that only rain once every thousand years and rain methane instead of water. Astronomers have also discovered huge lakes and oceans of liquid methane.

6. The Secrets Hidden Under the Moon’s Surface

Full moon illustration.  (NASA/Joel Kausky)
Full moon illustration. (NASA/Joel Kausky)

At the bottom of the largest crater in the solar system lies a huge lump of metal. The elusive mass is estimated to be about five times the size of the Hawaiian Islands, which lie beneath the South Pole-Aitken Basin on the far side of the Moon. The crater is roughly oval in shape, over 1,200 miles wide and miles deep.

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Astronomers estimate that it was formed four billion years ago. But the mass itself is hundreds of miles underground. Scientists discovered metallic anomalies while studying the lunar surface and gravitational field. Scientists are interested in discovering the origins of these enigmatic underground clusters. One theory suggests that it may have come from an asteroid eroding a crater in the surface of the Moon.

7. The Mystery of War on the Moon

Russia prepares mission to the Moon (Instagram/RoscosmosOfficial)
Russia prepares mission to the Moon (Instagram/RoscosmosOfficial)

As you know, iron starts rusting after a long time around oxygen and water. So you can imagine how surprised astronomers were when there was rust on the moon. Using data from India’s Chandrayaan-1 mission, Hawaii researcher Shuai Li showed clear signs of iron oxide or, as it is commonly known, rust on the lunar surface.

At first, scientists were confused by Lee’s findings. In addition, the solar wind attacks the Moon by hydrogen atoms. Hydrogen is known to lose its electrons, making it even more difficult to oxidize iron. War on the moon should be impossible. Astronomers found that the answer lies in the shape of Earth’s magnetic field.

Earth is also constantly affected by the solar wind, which compresses and distorts the planet’s magnetic field. Due to this, the farthest part from the Sun is pulled back like a tail. This magnetotail extends 240,000 miles (385,000 km) into space.

During its orbit around Earth, the Moon is briefly immersed in the magnetotail. At this time, Earth is protecting the Moon from hydrogen bombardment. The magnetic field also deposits a small amount of oxygen on the surface of the Moon. For a moment, suitable conditions for corrosion are established.

8. Oumuamua, the first known visitor to the Solar System

Oumuamua.  (nasa.gov)
Oumuamua. (nasa.gov)

In 2017, the giant cigar-shaped structure became the first known interstellar object to visit the Solar System. Strange visitor has scientists scratching their heads as it spins around the Sun at 196,000 mph.

Astronomers know that Oumuamua—which means “an angel from afar” in the Hawaiian language—shot into the Solar System from somewhere else in space. He calculated that it was about half a mile (800 meters) long and a tenth of that wide.

Beyond that, little is understood about the elusive Odyssey object. According to NASA, scientists don’t know exactly what ‘Oumuamua looks like, what it’s made of, or where it came from. Several telescopes from around the world are currently chasing the mysterious visitor into space.

These are the eight big mysteries of the solar system that surprise and fascinate scientists.

Contributor: Pasha Aiga Wilkins

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Deskhttps://nationworldnews.com
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