,Influenza (flu) pandemic 2022-2023 starting early in the European region“, commented the European Center for Disease Control (ECDC) in early December. An increasing number of people are being admitted to hospitals due to this virus, with an increase in hospital admissions since October. The population over 55 years of age is approximately represent half of the hospitalizations, reports the document.
in Spain, where In most parts of the country, the flu reached pandemic levels 3 months earlier than usual. It is considered as such when the incidence exceeds 50% of the total population monitored. If it is normal for this to happen around January, this season a threshold of 50 cases of flu per 100,000 inhabitants was reached in autumn.
“We are currently seeing an increase Flu cases in normal pre-pandemic season“, explains Dr. Francisco Sanz, pulmonologist specialist in respiratory infections of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery eltiempo.es
The protection measures against the coronavirus in Spain during the 2020-2021 season have resulted in practically no cases of flu. What he did was reduce the immune response.
“Now, with the return to normalcy of social customs and the abandonment of masks inside and outside the home, it is more likely to get infected,” he qualifies Meal José María Molero, from the Infectious Diseases Group of the Spanish Society of Family and Community Medicine (Semfyc).
However, data from before the pandemic make it clear that flu is a common disease, and in many cases severe. In the 2019–2020 period, there were more than 600,000 confirmed cases and nearly 28,000 hospitalizations, of which nearly 1,800 required ICU admission. The flu death toll for that season was estimated at around 4,000.
Fever, pharyngeal pain, myalgia and asthenia are symptoms that may suggest contagion., Symptoms that usually last for about 5 to 7 days and subside on their own. In childhood it may be associated with gastric problems, while in older patients the initial symptoms may be worsening of the underlying diseases and absence of fever, according to the clinical picture collected by the Ministry of Health.
below are the details 8 symptoms of flu that can give away the disease
Throat irritation and dryness
have a dry, scratchy or scratchy throat Frequent and early signs of flu, However, it is also common in common cold and with the Omicron variant.
Keeping the area moist with warm drinks, a humidifier, or increasing the amount of saliva with candy are remedies that help soothe this discomfort.
muscle and joint pain
In the flu and other respiratory infections, including COVID-19, there is muscle pain, which is similar to mild arthritis.
Known as myalgia, it is a normal result of the body’s inflammatory response to a pathogen. the release of Cytokines also cause inflammation in other organs, including muscles and joints, at the site of infection.explains an article in conversation.
In response to these cells, “the muscle produces elevated levels of prostaglandin E₂ (PGE₂), a lipid molecule associated with inflammation and pain.”
While this is not common with the common cold, it is with the flu. This viral infection is often accompanied by fever, which makes The temperature causes the blood vessels to dilate and the pressure in that area increases.
Headache can also be caused by inflammation of the mucous membrane Lining the nasal and sinus cavities. This also creates pressure around the eyes and face.
Fever is a typical manifestation of the flu, which, in contrast, rarely occurs with the common cold or with variants of COVID-19 such as Omicron.
his form is sudden and always high, above 38ºC, Health wise it usually lasts between 3 to 4 days. If it lasts without remission for more than 48 hours, does not yield with normal medication, a doctor’s consultation is recommended.
inflammation of the tissues lining the nasal passages Infection can cause difficulty in breathing. Discharge or runny nose or even rhinorrhea.
If excess mucus moves down the back of the throat, it can cause other symptoms such as cough or sore throat.
terms of service
though Flu symptoms usually clear up in about 7 days, stresses the World Health Organization (WHO). Cough may be severe and last longer than 2 weeksEspecially in older people and those with underlying lung disease, add the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
your body can use chills to raise your core temperature and fight off the virus of the flu, so they usually appear with a fever. “Even if you feel like you’re frozen, your core body temperature can reach 40°C”, he stresses. webmade,
diarrhea or abdominal pain
loss Gastrointestinal symptoms more typical of flu in childrenThat can also include vomiting, but it rarely occurs in adults, reports Health.
Faced with these effects, it is convenient to hydrate by resorting to water, broth or oral rehydration solutions available at the pharmacy to compensate for fluid loss.