The world, once again, is witnessing a scenario of dialogue between the public and private sectors and the environmental and climate activities, with the hope of reaching commitments that will allow us to face the crisis of climate. Last week, New York hosted the United Nations (UN) Climate Ambition Summit and Climate Week, creating hundreds of spaces for meeting, reflection, protest and proposals, where organizations and social movements expressed their demands for governments, especially in countries with the largest. responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions, and the people in general, about making ambitious and effective actions for decarbonization and the energy transition, to face the climate emergency and fulfill the Paris Agreement goal of limiting the temperature increase of less than 2°C, preferably 1.5°C, compared to pre-industrial levels.
This meeting began after the publication of the latest report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which highlighted that the harmful consequences are experienced due to the current increase of 1.1°C in the average temperature of the planet, which see the great vulnerability of the whole world to the imbalances of the climate system, with the consequence and in many cases irreversible effects on the ecosystem, social effects and the livelihood of the communities and people of the world.
Therefore, the need for ambition in climate commitments, which halt the destruction of the planet, is not optional; it is the only route that will allow us to obtain and achieve commitments to protect life.
If we start from the fact that the largest source of greenhouse gas generation is fossil fuels, responsible for 86% of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the main greenhouse gas, it is due to the burning of said fuel, but More yet, the world has 82% energy dependence on fossil sources, it is clear that the inevitable commitment is decarbonization, that is, ending the consumption of fossil fuels (coal, gas and oil). This is why, on the summit stage and climate week, society demanded the non-proliferation of fossil fuels, under the slogan “==End Fossil Fuels”. Which has a different connotation after the SI of Yasuní ITT – Block 43, where the Ecuadorians decided to leave oil underground in one of the most biodiverse areas in the world.
However, this is not just any decarbonization or energy transition, it must be a fair, popular and inclusive process. Because it is not possible to continue the capitalist logic, which uses energy transfer as a new business, that of renewable energies, without affecting the structural causes of the climate crisis.
What does fair, popular and inclusive energy transition mean? It is not only about changing energy sources, which is undoubtedly necessary, it means creating transition processes with climate justice, transitions that do not deepen inequality and injustice, that allow transformation of the energy system, which includes the decommodification of energy, with as its objective the satisfaction of energy needs and not only the extraction of profit at the expense of ecosystems and territories.
This process seeks the decentralization and democratization of energy and suggests that energy should be a human right, used through participatory processes of management and energy management, which allows the construction of new energy cultures ( of production and consumption), energy for life, to face the climate crisis and the systemic crisis created by current consumption and production patterns.
The climate commitments of countries have proven to be unambitious and insufficient to respond to the climate crisis and do not encourage the achievement of urgent planetary decarbonization, which must inevitably be based on the construction of alternative routes that allows the creation of equal energy transfer processes. including.