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Sunday, December 04, 2022

According to WHO, there are one million cases of sexually transmitted infections every day

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are one million cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide every day, specifically gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis and trichomonas.

In addition, the agency warns that outbreaks of new infections that can be acquired through sexual contact, such as monkeypox, ‘Shigella sonnei’, ‘Neisseria meningitidis’, Ebola and Zika, as well as a resurgence of neglected STIs , such as lymphogranuloma venereum, reflecting increasing challenges in the provision of prevention and control services for these infections.

And it is that, when left untreated, some STIs can cause irreversible long-term consequences, such as chronic pelvic pain, cancer, infertility, adverse pregnancy and congenital complications, some of which can be life-threatening.

For this reason, in May 2022 the 75th World Health Assembly agreed to implement new global health sector strategies to reduce new cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis; Reduction in new cases of congenital syphilis; Increase in the percentage of girls vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) at the age of fifteen; increase the percentage of screening for syphilis in the priority population and pregnant women, as well as for gonorrhea in the priority population; Increase in the percentage of women screened for cervical cancer; and an increase in the number of countries reporting antimicrobial resistance against gonorrhea.

It also highlighted the need to create an environment that encourages people to talk about sexually transmitted infections, adopt safe sex practices, and seek treatment; Expand the integration of primary prevention and sexually transmitted infection services; increased access to people-centric services; close the funding gap; Facilitate point-of-care diagnostics and adoption of new technologies; And invest in research.

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