Kerala Health Minister Veena George confirmed a new case of Nipah virus, taking the total number of infections in the state to five in the latest report.
Health authorities in southern India ordered the implementation of extreme measures to contain the spread of the Nipah virus, which caused two deaths while three others were infected.
After its appearance in 2018, the pathogen is believed to be a variant first discovered in Bangladesh that spreads between people and animals through direct contact with contaminated surfaces.
Amid an intensive operation to analyze the collected samples, the local government of Kerala in the coastal area will maintain indefinite closure of educational centers and offices as well as restricted transport facilities in the large area where the outbreak occurred. , with similar measures to those taken three years ago due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
Kerala Health Minister Veena George on Wednesday confirmed a new case of Nipah virus, taking the total number of infections in the state to five in the latest report.
The mortality rate from the infection is high; according to official figures, a third of patients die. In addition, the virus can cause other mild to severe illnesses, the symptoms of which in most cases also include encephalitis. However, this variant is considered less dangerous.
This is the third outbreak of the virus in Kerala in five years. At least 13 people are hospitalized for observation and have mild symptoms such as headaches.
The Nipah virus is usually found in flying foxes, which feed on nectar and pollen, as opposed to vampire bats, which eat insects and suck animal blood.
Scientists are still studying how the virus is transmitted from flying foxes to pigs, cattle or even humans. However, there is evidence that both humans and animals can become infected through contact with contaminated saliva and urine from these animals.