After a slight decline during the pandemic, cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) have doubled at Sant Joan de Deu Hospital in Sant Boi over the past seven years. The main reason for this increase is the feeling of immunity of the youth. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis are the most common STIs. In 2022, Catalonia recorded more cases of gonorrhea and chlamydia than the rest of Spain.
Cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) registered in the Sant Joan de Deu hospital of Sant Boi have doubled in 2023 Compared to seven years ago. According to data provided by the hospital’s infectious disease service, STI diagnoses have seen a steady increase from 2017 to 2019, peaking that year, and then declining during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020- 2021). However, the most recent data shows an increase in diagnoses that is close to 2019 figures. According to projections, it is expected to reach levels similar to those recorded seven years ago by 2024. Chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis are the two most common diseases, according to hospital records.
Head of the Infectious Disease Service at the Hospital Sant Joan de Déu de Sant Boi Dr. Vicens Diaz De Brito have reported that one of the main reasons for this sudden increase in STIs is young people’s sense of immunity, as well as changes in their behavior in recent years and shame in talking about sex and STIs. According to the doctor, “Young people know about sexually transmitted infections and they know the potential consequences of risky sexual activity, but they’re not afraid. They believe it won’t happen to them. You only need to be diagnosed to understand this.” The increase has to be seen, it is more common than we think”, On the other hand, he pointed to the situation of minors, who face the ‘additional problem’ of informing their parents about their situation, because until they turn 16 they Do not reach “the hygiene age of adulthood”. , and must be accompanied by their legal guardians at their medical visits
Report Epidemiological surveillance of sexually transmitted infections in Spain It turns out that, at the state level, there has been a steady increase in diseases like gonorrhea and syphilis for more than 20 years. This is particularly worrying Chlamydia incidence has increased by 245% since 2016, According to the data of the report, Catalonia is the leader in the diagnosis of gonorrhea and chlamydia among the autonomous communities, and ranks third in cases of syphilis.
HIV and other STI Unit of the Hospital Sant Joan de Deu
The main function of the HIV and Other STI Unit is to prevent, control and care for people with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. This unit has been operating since 2016, and is designed to provide professional care to people who had this type of infection, with the expectation of an expected increase in cases detected in the next years.
Sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, can spread without a person knowing, because they may not have obvious symptoms. The same applies for HIV or syphilis. For this reason, the Saint Joan de Dieu Hospital in Saint Boi recommends regular follow-up in a center specialized in sexually transmitted infections or in a health center if risky sex has been carried out. In this way, any infection can be detected in time and the consequences and infection can be reduced.