The past eight years have been the hottest on Earth for a planetary-scale record. Last year, the global average temperature was 1.5ºC higher than pre-industrial levels in the late 19th century.
The reason for this increase in temperature is the continuous increase in the concentration of greenhouse gases and the accumulation of heat, which may seem surprising because girl causing an episode of global cooling, because it is caused by warming Child And it extends to the entire planet. thanks to this cooling effect That the past 2022 has not yet been the hottest year in the history of Solo Fifth.
Global warming is the biggest environmental challenge facing the earth
Forecasts indicate that this cooling will last until the first quarter of this year, so 2023 will be warmer than its predecessor. Forecasts that call into question the viability of the 2015 Paris Agreement, as it is nearly impossible for the planet to be able to limit global warming to 1.5ºC. This would require a radical reduction in greenhouse gases. CO2 produced by fossil fuels will continue to increase temperatures, resulting, as has already happened in 2022, in meteorological disasters such as prolonged heat waves, droughts and floods that will affect millions of people around the planet with very serious consequences. Will affect Economic, health and food.
The derivatives of this gradual increase in temperature are infinite and pose a serious threat to the planet and its inhabitants. Sea and ocean levels could rise by up to a meter by 2100, and new weather patterns lead to an increase in the frequency and duration of typhoons, hurricanes, torrential rains and droughts. The number of climate refugees around the world is increasing, and the change in natural habitat affects millions of animal species, which will lead to a decrease in biodiversity. Climate change is not uniform, with the poles warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet.
The last conference on climate change, held in Sharm el-Sheikh, COP27 sought to prevent this situation by failing to meet the world’s main emitting countries’ commitments to gradually reduce fossil fuels or to close new agreements on climate mitigation. Didn’t make progress. The creation of an unspecified “loss and damage” fund to repair the worst effects of climate change in the most vulnerable countries was a historic victory, but insufficient given the lack of ambition of many states, including the most polluting, to reduce use. Global warming due to fossil fuels.
In the interview with Antonio Vercher, the Spanish environmental prosecutor, that we are publishing today, the lawyer addresses a fundamental aspect of helping to mitigate the ecological and climate crisis, such as the full burden of the law against individuals and companies. The need to enforce, but also the administration, which commits crimes against the environment. In his opinion, punitive solutions are necessary for serious environmental problems.
2022 has been defined by the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service as a “year of climate extremes”, with increased atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and methane, greenhouse gases that trap heat in the atmosphere and warm the planet. Is. And all forecasts from meteorological centers and agencies agree that this 2023 will be even hotter. It is the greatest environmental challenge facing humanity, and yet, globally, we are unable to implement measures not only to reverse this planetary catastrophe but at least to prevent it.