Sunday, June 26, 2022

Analysts say third aircraft carrier to help reunite China with US, Japan in western Pacific

Analysts believe China has launched a third aircraft carrier, a way to upgrade overall security in the face of stronger navies rather than targeting any specific future battlefield.

State media reports said the carrier, dubbed Type 003 and codenamed Fujian, left its drydock at a shipyard outside Shanghai on Friday morning and tied up at a nearby pier.

A third aircraft carrier would put China with large maritime military airports in a group of just 16 countries around the world. Around the Pacific, India, Japan and the United States operate or are developing carriers.

Experts say China is behind what it is, proving to itself and foreign governments that its carriers can co-operate with older military units when needed, as Western-backed rivals gain their strength at sea. Huh.

People’s Liberation Army Navy China received its first carrier in 2012, named Liaoning. It is a former Soviet ship purchased from Ukraine. In December 2019, the Navy was commissioned into Shandong, her second carrier and the first domestically.

“There is an urgent need for China to fulfill its international obligations to develop aircraft carriers and enhance its ability to protect world peace,” said Liu Pengyu, a spokesman for the Chinese embassy in Washington, DC. China is committed to the path of peaceful development and strongly pursues a national defense policy that is defensive in nature. The possession of aircraft carriers will never change. ,

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slow rise

Analysts believe the latest Chinese carrier should undergo training for two to three years before any formal deployment.

Huang Chung-Ting, an associate research fellow at the National Defense and Security Research Institute in Taipei, suggested that the Type 003 may have been taken into production to satisfy the Chinese authorities and that some parts of it did not work as well as designed. can. Other Countries.

“Whether China’s technology can reach its ideal capabilities, we need to monitor and see the results of their training and sea trials,” Huang said.

“I think these PLA aircraft carriers have no way of doing long-duration activities outside the first island chain,” he said. “Their power is actually, for the most part, at sea near the first-island chain.”

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The first-island chain runs south from Japan to Taiwan and from the Philippines to Indonesia. The Japanese and American forces in the wider Pacific Ocean in the east have traditionally had greater strength than those of China. Japan has two carriers under construction and the US Navy operates 11.

The Type 003’s aircraft-carrying technology is energy-consuming and some of it may perform poorly in battles outside the First-Island chain – away from Chinese ports – Huang said.

Eventually, the Type 003 will use technology that is superior to many foreign peers, said Chen Yi-fan, an assistant professor of diplomacy and international relations at Tamkang University in Taiwan.

He pointed to a “very advanced” domestically made electronic magnetic catapult. “It was jumping ahead of other aircraft carriers by at least two generations,” he said.

But the Type 003 will struggle to make up for the lack of base outside the first-island chain where it can re-supply, Chen said. In contrast, the United States has bases in Hawaii, Guam, and Japan.

FILE – South China Sea Map

Battlefield of the future?

Chen said the Type 003 is expected to be reported back to Fujian province in China’s southeast near Taiwan. He said Liaoning and Shandong have been assigned to other nearby seas.

China has claimed self-governing Taiwan as its territory since the Chinese Civil War of 1940, when Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalists were defeated by Mao Zedong’s Communists and rebelled in Taipei. Beijing says it will use force to unite the two sides if necessary. Since mid-2020, it has flown land-based military aircraft over part of Taiwan’s air defense detection area almost daily.

According to the Chinese state-monitoring Global Times news website, Shandong has conducted at least one exercise in the South China Sea. The first carrier, the Liaoning, is believed to have covered the East China Sea.

Beijing claims about 90% of the 3.5 million square kilometer South China Sea, clashing with claims from Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Taiwan.

Japan and the United States have urged China to leave the sea open for international use, and both voiced support for Taiwan. Washington periodically sends its carriers near the island as a warning to Beijing.

Huang said the PLA now sees its aircraft power as “weak” as Vietnam and the Philippines acquire missiles that can strike back.

The Philippines was earlier this year moving to buy the BrahMos anti-ship missile from an Indo-Russian joint venture. Vietnam has shown interest in the same missiles.

Nguyen Than Trung, a faculty member at Fulbright University, said, “I think it’s very risky to regional security in the future, when China may have three aircraft carriers, not just the South China Sea, but the East China Sea.” Too.” Vietnam in Ho Chi Minh City.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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