Jewish link- and continued with previous article about the ten lost tribes of Israel………
Menashe ben Israel was one of the most famous Sephardic rabbis of Amsterdam, Netherlands. He was convinced that the restoration of Israel could not take place until the Jews had spread to all parts of the world.
In September 1644, he arrived in Amsterdam. Antonio de MontesinosA Spaniard who was returning to Europe after making his fortune in Latin America for nearly ten years.
In reality, Montesinos was a crypto-Jew whose real name was Aaron Levy.
Antonio rushes to see Rabbi Menashe, as well as other Jewish leaders, to tell them his incredible story.
Two years earlier, while exploring the equatorial region with a group of explorers, he had made riding a donkey in a remote province of peruHe was accompanied by many indigenous people. While the group was on their way into the mountains, an unexpected wind forced them to stop and take shelter in a cave. There, the indigenous people began to murmur among themselves that the storm was a punishment from G-d’s for the way the Spanish had treated the “sacred city”. Finally, the wind stopped and the travelers resumed their journey.
Several weeks later, after returning to Ecuador, The Inquisition arrested him on suspicion of being a Judizer. While in prison, he began to reflect on comments he had heard from indigenous peoples, and promised that, if he were released, he would go in search of this “sacred city”. Fortunately, he didn’t have to wait long, as he was released for lack of evidence.
Antonio de Montesinos then located the indigenous guides and asked them to take him to that “sacred city”. Faced with the doubts of the indigenous people, I explain to them that I myself was from that holy city. Amazed and appalled, the indigenous people did not hesitate and after three days they accompanied Montesinos to the far north side of the mountain range.
Finally, upon reaching a small clearing at the edge of a forest, the guides stopped and blew a series of whistles.
After a few minutes, four indigenous people appeared. Annoyed by the presence of Europeans, they conversed with the guides in their native language. Upon learning of Montesinos’ identity, they embraced him, and recited a salutation in his honor. “Shema Israel”, After this the group started towards a nearby village.
There, with guides as interpreters, elders of the tribe related their history to him.
they descended from the lost tribe of reuben, and they told him that they had been living in that forest for many centuries. He had always dreamed of re-establishing contact with the Jewish people of his ancestors. Now his dream could finally come true by having a brother of his own.
They longed to be instructed in the principles of the Torah.
Montesinos then promised her that he would do so after returning to his country. Soon after, he left for Europe and upon his arrival in Amsterdam, he was quick to tell the leaders of the local Jewish community about his incredible adventure.
All the listeners were mesmerized by such a story. Now, in some corner of the world, a remnant of the people of Israel was discovered.
At first, Rabbi Menashe ben Israel doubted his account, but he later accepted that the “Indians of Montesinos” may in fact be related to remnants of the people of Israel. He decided to write a treatise called “Mikve Israel” “The Hope of Israel”, which talks about the Ten Lost Tribes and was published in 1650.
Similarities Between Jewish and Indigenous Peruvian Customs
Also around that time, a preacher in England named thomas thornwood Published the book “Jews in America, and the Possibility That Indigenous Peoples Are Jewish”.
But the most surprising of all was that William Penn, the English philosopher who founded Pennsylvania, declared at the time that there were many similarities between Jewish and indigenous customs.
Let’s look at some of these customs, rituals or rites that the natives had and that had origins similar to Jewish laws in their beliefs:
- In some teachings of the natives, there is talk of repeated drowning in rivers or streams. Corresponding to the Jewish concept of “MIKVE”
- Don’t touch a dead person. Corresponding to the Jewish concept “Tuma” (impurity)
- Don’t drink blood
- Follow a few days of fasting. Corresponding to the Jewish concept of “TAANIT”
- Indian widows who did not have children had no right to remarry without the explicit consent of their brother-in-law. Corresponding to the Jewish concept of “chalitza”
- Indigenous men had to marry the widows of their brothers who had no children. Corresponding to the Jewish concept of “IBUM”.
- Obligation to offer the first fruits of their crops to their deity, depositing them under certain trees on top of high mountains. Corresponds to the Jewish concept “BIKURIM” (offering of first fruits on Shavuot)
- They had temples and a sacred object that they carried with them on war campaigns. This corresponds to the Jewish concept of “Urim Betmim” (Kohen Gadol breastplate).
- For indigenous peoples, the spirits of the dead met their ancestors at their forefathers’ camp. Corresponding to the Jewish concept of “Gan Eden”
- In great ceremonies the indigenous priests had to wear white skins. This Jewish concept corresponds to the “clothes of the kohen gadol” (high priest).
- On new moon days, ceremonies were performed. Corresponding to the Jewish concept of “Rosh Chodesh”
- According to indigenous beliefs, suicide bombers would not have access to the parental realm.
- Indigenous women had to live in separate tents during menses, during menstruation, and during the three months following childbirth. corresponds to the Jewish concept “nida” (impure woman)
- The totem they possessed consisted of a wooden box that should never touch the ground, so it was carried on a litter. Corresponds to the Jewish concept “Aron ha’berit” (sacred ark).
- Some indigenous penal norms coincided with those of the Hebrew ones. In connection with blood vengeance, the Indians had places of refuge, where criminals could not be arrested, which was known to the Jews “Miklat Hai”. (city of refuge),
On the other hand, archaeologists and researchers Adam Quiroga, Analyzing the Calchaquí Indians and other Native Americans, he confirmed that he had found traces of a jewish civilization,
He expressed: “There are traditions concerning the contacts of the Jewish people with the American races, and that no matter how bold the arrival of the Jews in our America may be, at least the coinciding of many Jewish and American beliefs cannot be denied.” Could. , rites and traditions.” ,
Similarly, in the work of george jonestitle Aborigines of America identified with Tyrus and the people of IsraelReferring to the identification of the American Indians with the Israelite tribes, it also said America was colonized by the Israelis,
On the other hand, the Spanish Jesuits named Joseph Gumila (1686/1750), who as a missionary explored the Orinoco river basin of Venezuela, verified that the ritual prayer directed to the sun by the natives of the region daily was the same as that said by the Hebrews. When Gumila asked the indigenous people where they had learned that prayer, they replied that it was from their forefathers, but that In fact they worshiped not the Sun, but the one who created it,
Peru and Yucatan
In Chapter 6 of “Safer Habit”, Written by a student from Vilna Villageconfirms Ophir is Peru, and that their rabbi, the village of Vilna, told them that some of the indigenous tribes of America are descendants of the workers that King Solomon had sent to Ophir in search of gold for the construction of the first temple “Bet Hamikdash”.
According to the Torah, Ophir was a distant land rich in gold, precious stones and wood. Then, King Hiram sent his sailors, the Phoenicians, who knew the sea well, to travel with King Solomon’s staff in search of the gold of Ophir. Thus the ships arrived in Peru, and brought back four hundred and twenty bars of gold, which they took to King Solomon for the construction of Bet Hamikdash. (Melagim I (Kings I) 9:26-28 and Debre Hayamim II 8:18 and 9:10)
Even then, miguel cabello de balboa (1535–1608) nephew of Vasco Núñez de Balboa, who discovered the Pacific Ocean, wrote a chronicle about Peru’s pre-Hispanic past, affirming that Peru was Ophir, and that Ophir’s Character that appears in the Pacific Ocean The Torah was carried to distant lands, the city of “Ophir” in what is today Peru was named after him. And one of the sons of Ophir, called “Yoktan”, (Noz-Shem-Arpajshad-Shelaj-Ever-Yoktan-Ophir) went to other countries, which he called in his own name “Yoktan”. Could it be that Yoctan is “Yucatan”?
In Rashi’s commentary to the Torah (Bereshit 10:25) he explains that they were called Yoktan, because they humbled themselves, and that this is why Gd gave them the opportunity to found many cities and families. Gave.
Finally, were the original inhabitants really the descendants of the lost tribes of Israel, or is it just a myth?
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