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Tuesday, December 06, 2022

Associated Press EXPLAINS: Two scenarios for the referendum in Chile

SANTIAGO ( Associated Press) – Chileans take part in a referendum on Sunday that will decide whether the country will have a new constitution or continue with the current one, bequeathed by the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990) Was.

Various polls have indicated that a “rejection” of the new Magna Carta, drafted by a constitutional convention, would be victorious, partly due to opposition from some controversial points.Such as recognition of the autonomy of indigenous peoples and their justice system.

However, there are some who think they have a chance to win “approval” for the new constitution. Political analyst Pia Mundaka of the Espacio Pblico Study Center acknowledged that the result is “still very open” and that despite the fact that it is the first compulsory participation election in a decade, it is unknown how many of the 15 million voters will actually be called. vote..

Here’s a look at what will happen if the proposed new constitution is approved or rejected:

What happens if “approval” wins?

President Gabriel Boric will have five days to convene a plenary congress and enact the new constitution, which will go into effect ten days after it is published in the Official Gazette, repealing the existing system inherited from Chile’s military dictatorship at the time. will be given.

Then, Congress would have to pass more than a hundred bills needed to implement most of the 388 articles previously written by 76% of the Left’s convention.

What happens if the “rejection” wins out?

If the “reject” option is invoked, the constitution bequeathed by the military will remain in force.

However, the opposition, represented in Congress and which opposes the new Magna Carta, has promised to promote a dozen reforms to the current constitution, including to replace an existing subsidiary state with a social one based on rights. is included.

The opposition promised to guarantee “access and adequate exercise” of social rights in education, health and housing in a country where those with the money have access to better and faster private services.

On August 10, Congress approved a law that reduced the votes required to reform the Constitution inherited from the military (from 66% to 57%), anticipating a possible victory for “rejection”.

Scenario for Borik President

President Borik joined the campaign in favor of the new constitution, which he would have to promulgate if he won “approval”.

It’s not entirely clear what steps it will take if “Reject” wins, although some centre-left senators have said they would promote a quickly approved bill – which the executive has yet to endorse – To amend the existing Article 142 and that Borik may call for the formation of another constituent body to work on a second election.

The election service has said it would need at least 140 days to call another election.

And no matter what, analysts have said the president will have to execute his plan with which he promised to transform the country and that includes tax reforms, health, pensions, education, which have been put on hold until after the referendum. was given. ,

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