Astronomical researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark have discovered a unique system in the Solar System for the first time. There is a world in which 3 suns orbit each other.
derive from detikInet Alejandro Vigna-Gómez of the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen, who launched India Today, said in the results of his research that there are two binary stars orbiting each other in this world and one big star is orbiting both. This world they call HD 98800 is located 150 light years away in the constellation TW Hydra.
Binary stars orbit each other in a day, just like the Earth completes one revolution in 24 hours. The two Suns combined, weigh 12 times the mass of our Sun.
In fact, astronomers estimate that there are four stars in this system. Until three other suns eat the fourth one.
“As far as we know, this is the first of its kind ever detected. We know a lot about tertiary star systems, but they are usually much less massive. The mass in these triple systems But the stars are very close to each other. On the other hand, it is a compact system,” Alejandro said.
Alejandro is collaborating with his research colleague Bin Liu from China to find an answer to the question of how this unique combination of binary stars and massive rotating stars formed.
Researchers are baffled by the existence of a third star in this system, weighing 16 times the mass of our Sun, with an inner circular orbit that orbits the two stars six times each year.
This system, due to its high brightness, was first discovered by a community of amateur astronomers who took data from NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite Observatory. At first, they thought it was an anomaly and cautious professional astronomers later confirmed that it was a unique triple star system.
The two researchers then coded the data and ran it 100,000 iterations on a supercomputer to assess the most likely outcome of this scenario.
“We now have a model of the most likely scenario for this unique system. But one model alone is not enough. And there are two ways to prove or elaborate on our theory of this formation. One is to study the system in detail and To do a statistical analysis of other stellar populations,” Alejandro said.
Alejandro explains, “If we go into the system in detail, we have to rely on the expertise of an astronomer. We’ve already made preliminary observations, but we still have to look at the data and make sure we get a good interpretation of it.” Do it.”
The two researchers are currently using telescopes and observatories around the world to observe this unique system.