Human rights activist Nadia Murad released global guidelines on Wednesday at the United Nations on how to safely and effectively collect evidence from victims and witnesses of sexual violence in conflict.
Murad, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2018 for efforts to end rape as a weapon of war, first addressed the United Nations Security Council in 2015 at the age of 22, talking about slave-holding by members of the Islamic State group. The torture and rape that took place during the year ago.
Dubbed the Murad Code, the new guidance was developed by Nadia’s initiative and with British funding by the International Criminal Investigation Institute, intended to reduce the risk of further trauma for survivors while providing evidence.
He said, “The Murad Code provides clear and practical guidelines to focus on the needs of survivors when gathering evidence, and ensure that they receive justice and support rather than repercussions. deserve,” she said.
The announcement came after the United Nations said it was increasingly hearing cases of rape and sexual violence in Ukraine, and as a Ukrainian human rights group accused Russian soldiers of using rape as a weapon of war. had gone. Since invading Ukraine on 24 February, Russia has denied attacking civilians.
“I am shocked by the increasing reports of sexual violence by Russian forces from the conflict in Ukraine,” British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss said in a statement. criminals for justice.
Murad worked with human rights lawyer Amal Clooney to lobby the Security Council for a United Nations investigative team to collect, preserve and store evidence of acts committed by Islamic State in Iraq, war crimes, There may be crimes against humanity or genocide. The council formed the team in 2017 and started functioning a year later.