itching, dry skin, and swelling are the main symptoms of atopic dermatitis or also known as eczema, is a very common disease: according to an article in Silo, statistics reveal a global prevalence of between 10-20% in children and 1-3% in adults; However, it not only has an effect on the skin, it can also lead to significant mental health problems and El Heraldo Digital spoke with Alejandro Nanclares Portocarreropsychiatrist, to understand why it is important to treat the condition as soon as possible.
Nenclares, who is also the medical manager of the Central Nervous System line at the Pfizer Mexico laboratories, assures that “it is a disease that has an autoimmune component, that is,R, it is our own defenses that cause the injuries, They are almost always bent in the elbows, knees, neck”, but very few seek professional help, which is worse in the long run.
what are the symptoms?
- dry and cracked skin
- scabies (itching)
- Swollen red rash on the skin that varies in color depending on the color of the skin
- small bumps (in people with brown or black skin)
- ooze and crust
- thick skin
- darkening of the skin around the eyes
- Skin raw and sensitive to scratches
It also has a very strong hereditary component, almost all patients have a family history of the condition and it is the gene that causes E.They are also linked to an immune response. According to the Mayo Clinic, Among the most common complications are:
- asthma and hay fever
- areas of skin that are darker or lighter than the area around them
- chronic itching and flaking of the skin
- skin infection
- trouble sleeping
- mental health illnesses
Alejandro mentioned that usually the main trigger it’s usually stresswhich generate lesions that, if they persist, can lower the self-esteem of those who suffer from them, “depression can exacerbate atopic dermatitis” and a vicious cycle occurs, because “any Doesn’t like to get hives or spots or feel uncomfortable” ”
Skin is the largest and most extensive organ of the human body., send and receive informationThen the amount of environmental stimuli that produces an emotion can be expressed in the skin, so it’s not just stress that causes it… and some psychiatric conditions, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, lead to dermatological exposure. Huh “
That’s why anxiety syndrome, depression, post-traumatic stressor usually inflammation in the dermisAnd it is believed that between 60-70% of those diagnosed with or with pictures of dermatitis present with at least some degree of depression.
What to do in case of presenting either of the two?
This may sound like basic advice, but most people usually don’t go to a professional when they start to have symptoms, so Nanclair stresses that before applying home remedies, you should: Go to a dermatologist or a psychologist, sometimes even both. Another very important point Do not self-medicate.
“Both emotional and mental conditions should be discussed with a health professional, at least the family doctor, and ideally they would have to be referred to a specialist, as they are illnesses that deserve their seriousness”
Common triggers for atopic dermatitis include the following:
- woolen cloth
- dry skin
- skin infection
- heat and sweat
- cleaning products
- dust mites and pet dander
- tobacco smoke
- cold and dry air
- other irritating chemicals
In addition, dermatitis can reappear, and because there is no definitive drug or vaccine, “they can recur, depending a lot on environmental factors.” sometimes appears In moments of high stress such as divorce, breakup, work pressure or similar situations.
“Treatment should ideally be comprehensive, it is of little use to me to heal wounds, if I am not identifying the root that gives rise to those wounds… So if I think that my the patient is depressed And I focus only on treating the dermatitis, I don’t attack the source.
How is this problem treated?
Regarding psychological problems, they are usually difficult to diagnose in the early stages and according to Dr. Nencleres it takes an average of six years to make the first examination, so The solution to this will depend on each patient and the model applied.
atopic dermatitis, as the lesion is more pronounced, if the treatment is adequate and individualized, the time to diagnosis is shorter, in less than six months, a major improvement is observed, “this is not a complete solution, but an improvement Have a good level and therefore the best quality of life”, said the expert. generally Topical steroids, antihistamines, and antiseptics are used.
How to prevent dermatitis?
Mayo Clinic recommends setting a basic grooming routine Which includes the following:
- Moisturize the skin at least twice a day. Creams, ointments, shea butter, and lotions lock in moisture. Select one or more products that are useful to you.
- Applying Vaseline to the skin in infants may help prevent the onset of atopic dermatitis.
- shower or bathe daily
- Use a mild, soap-free cleanser. Choose a cleaner that does not contain dyes, alcohol or fragrance, especially for minors
- Deodorants and antibacterial soaps can strip the skin of its natural oils and make it dry.
- Do not rub your skin with a towel or loofah.
- dry with a gentle touch, never with sudden agitation
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