Sydney-Australia and the United States commemorated the 70th anniversary of the signing of the ANZUS defense agreement. Analysts said that although the security treaties of Australia, New Zealand and the United States provide some benefits, they have also plunged Australia into protracted conflict.
The ANZUS Treaty was signed on September 1, 1951 to ensure the security of the Pacific region.
General Angus Campbell, the commander-in-chief of the Australian Defence Force, said in a statement on Wednesday that the agreement was “founded on a firm support for freedom and democracy and shared respect for the rule of law.”
In a video message commemorating the 70th anniversary of the agreement, US President Joe Biden praised the longevity of the agreement.
“Over the years, Australians and Americans have established unparalleled partnerships and relaxed partnerships, based on shared values and shared visions,” he said.
Biden’s views were endorsed by Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, who delivered a speech in the Federal Parliament on Wednesday.
Morrison said: “We share hope, share burden, and share vision together.”
Australia has fallen into a series of conflicts with the United States. Analysts said that the intention of the Morrison government is to strengthen the treaty because it believes it is the foundation of Australia’s national security.
However, there are tensions in the long-term alliance. Analysts said that Morrison and Biden had not spoken for several months. Although Australia was firmly involved in the 20-year conflict, they did not solicit Australian opinions on the issue of the United States’ withdrawal from Afghanistan.
Donald Rothwell, an expert on international law at the Australian National University, said that the Australia-New Zealand-American Treaty has dragged Australia into many destructive conflicts.
“The biggest pressure is mainly that Australia has always believed that it must support the United States in the various military adventures undertaken by the United States, and this is no better for the United States than the events that have occurred in the past few weeks to withdraw from Afghanistan in 20 years,” he said. “Of course, before this, Australia supported US military operations in other parts of the world, including Vietnam in the 1960s, and mentioned the Australia-New Zealand-U.S. Treaty.”
Although Washington is the main partner in the alliance, Roswell said Australia has proven itself as a loyal ally.
“Australia can cooperate with the United States [to] Giving credibility to the multinational mission that the United States is trying to lead, not just the unilateral intervention of the United States, is a major benefit for the United States to be able to establish credibility for the type of military operations it takes. It’s already going on,” he said.
On September 1, a small ceremony was held at the Australian American Memorial in Canberra to commemorate the anniversary of the treaty.
Although Australia and the United States commemorated the agreement, New Zealand no longer maintains bilateral security relations with Washington. In September 1986, after Wellington established a nuclear-weapon-free zone in its territorial waters, the United States suspended its ANZUS treaty obligations to New Zealand.
However, New Zealand and the United States do cooperate under the Five Eyes Security Alliance, which also includes the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.