Friday, January 27, 2023

Awesome ! Two Earth-like planets can live!

These two newly identified exoplanets, called GJ 1002b and GJ 1002c, have characteristics similar to our planet Earth. And there might even be life in them!

Both the planets are so similar to the Earth that scientists believe that there can be life on them.

It is still impossible to confirm the presence of extraterrestrial life or even water on these planets. But, these two new celestial bodies seem to meet all the characteristics for us to consider them as cousins ​​of Earth.

just found out, of exoplanets (planets orbiting a star other than the Sun) are named GJ 1002 B why GJ 1002 C, they are “only” 16 light years from our solar system, According to experts, a distance is considered very small at the astronomical level. Its mass is similar to that of the Earth.

And two stars are located in the zone called “habitable” for humans. That is, the sweet spot between whether a planet is too hot or too cold to support life. Both the planets are located around a red dwarf star named GJ 1002., Thanks to these observations, scientists believe that there may be life on these planets.

Other planets that could host life like Earth
Other Planets That Could Host Life Like Earth

GJ 1002b is closer to the star. GJ 1002c takes 10 days to complete one orbit, compared to 20 days for the planet. (and 365 Earth days). Both exoplanets must be close enough to their star to be habitable. because red dwarf star It is quite cool and light and only one-eighth the mass of our Sun.

139 spectroscopic observations were required (radiation measurement in deep space), between 2017 and 2021, to detect them because they emit very weak light. To do this, the experts used two particularly sensitive space observation instruments: ESPRESSO and CARMENES.

To study the presence of oxygen in the atmospheres of the two exoplanets, scientists will use the future ANDES spectrograph on ESO’s Extreme Large Telescope (ELT) in Chile’s Atacama Desert. Using state-of-the-art hardware and data processing algorithms, Researchers can measure the chemical signatures of the 5,000 exoplanets discovered so far.

Kepler-1649c: Discovery of a new planet in the habitable zone
Kepler-1649C: Discovery Of A New Planet In The Habitable Zone

The confirmed exoplanets with the highest similarity index with our planet Earth are: Kepler-296e (93% similarity) Y Kepler-395c (91%). As for the planet KOI-4878.01, which has 98% similarity to Earth, it is yet to be confirmed.

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
Nation World News is the fastest emerging news website covering all the latest news, world’s top stories, science news entertainment sports cricket’s latest discoveries, new technology gadgets, politics news, and more.
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