Sublingual lozenges are a form of medication that is placed under the tongue for quick and effective absorption into the bloodstream.
These tablets are designed to dissolve and be absorbed through the mucous membrane of the mouth, thus avoiding the digestive process and passage through the gastrointestinal system.
Thanks to this route of administration, sublingual lozenges can provide faster action and greater bioavailability than other forms of the drug.
Why are sublingual pills more effective?
Primarily, this is due to the rich vascularization and high permeability of the tissues under the tongue, which allow rapid absorption of the drug directly into the bloodstream, thus avoiding first-pass metabolism in the liver.
This results in higher concentrations of the drug in the body and a faster therapeutic response. Additionally, by avoiding exposure to stomach acid and digestive enzymes, drug degradation is minimized and efficacy is preserved.
Another advantage of sublingual lozenges is their convenience and ease of administration. They do not require the intake of water or food to take them, making them ideal for people who have difficulty swallowing pills or for those who need to take medicine in situations where they cannot drink. Clean water is not available.
Bypassing the digestive tract, avoids potential interactions with food or drugs that could alter its absorption or effectiveness.
Sublingual lozenges are used in a variety of fields of medicine, from acute pain relief to treatment of chronic conditions such as heart disease, migraine headaches, and hormonal disorders.
They are also widely used in the field of emergency medicine, where speed of action is critical to saving lives. The ability to quickly administer drugs such as nitroglycerin or naloxone via sublingual lozenges can make the difference between life and death in critical situations.
Most commonly used Sublingual Tablet
- Melatonin: To regulate sleep and treat sleep disorders.
- Vitamin B12: For treating vitamin B12 deficiency and supporting nerve health.
- Dexamethasone: An anti-inflammatory used in emergency situations and severe allergic reactions.
- Fentanyl: A potent analgesic used for the management of acute and chronic pain.
- Buprenorphine: for the treatment of opioid dependence and addiction maintenance therapy.
- Testosterone: For the treatment of low testosterone in men.
- Desmopressin: for the treatment of diabetes insipidus and to control thirst and water excretion.
Remember that this list is only a selection and that there are many other sublingual lozenges used in various fields of medicine. It is always important to follow the directions of a health care professional and consult with them regarding the proper use and dosage of any oral medication.