loss nitrites and nitrates are substances that occur naturally in both water and soil, and It is common to consume them through drinking water and other foods., However, they are also known to be used as food additives, as is the case with nitrites present in processed meats.
Now, a new study published in the journal PLOS Medicine suggests that exposure to nitrites and nitrates belongs to a increased risk of type 2 diabetesBeyond the fact that foods containing these additives contribute to poor dietary control.
The study by Bernard Sour from the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Group (EREN-CRESS) of Inserm, INRAE, CNAM and the Sorbonne Paris Nord University and his colleagues should remind us that The role of nitrites and nitrates in the diet has not yet been adequately studied.,
Nitrites, Nitrates and Diabetes
Some health officials have already advocated limiting the use of nitrites and nitrates, with France being one of the first countries to take a position on the matter. Although The role of these substances on metabolic dysfunction in general and the development of type 2 diabetes Specifically in humans, this has not yet been discovered.
So, to investigate this possible relationship, the researchers used Data from 104,168 participants in the NutriNet-Santé study An ongoing online cohort study began in 2009. In this study, participants aged 15 years or older can voluntarily enter and self-report their medical history, sociodemographic data, diet, lifestyle and other important health data.
loss The researchers looked specifically at the wide exposure to nitrites and nitrates. Thanks to the use of multiple databases, and subsequent statistical models developed to analyze study participants’ self-reported dietary information.
According to study data, participants in the NutriNet-Santé cohort who reported increased intake of nitrites in general and in charge of most food additives and non-additive sources had increased risk of type 2 diabetes, There was no association between nitrates and type 2 diabetes nor any benefit or protective potential from dietary nitrites or nitrates with respect to type 2 diabetes.
in short, they will be especially nitrites (not nitrates), and only those available food additives and not from natural dietary sources, which would be related to metabolic changes.
According to the study authors, “These results provide new evidence in the context of current discussions There is a need to reduce the use of additives such as nitrites in processed meats May support the need for better regulation of soil pollution by the food industry, and by fertilizers. Meanwhile, various health authorities around the world already advise citizens to limit their consumption of foods containing controversial additives, including sodium nitrite.”
the same authors recall that it would first large-scale cohort study would you have a suggestion organization straight between Nitrite as a food additive and the risk of type 2 diabetes and would confirm previously suggested associations between total dietary nitrites and type 2 diabetes risk.
in the end, as boundaries In the study, it should be noted that the data were self-reported and the authors were not able to specifically measure exposure to nitrites and nitrates using biomarkers. Furthermore, it is possible that the participants’ behavior could not be extrapolated to the rest of the population, as this was a group of young people, most of whom were women, with above-average healthy lifestyle behaviors.