According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over time, diabetes — a long-term disease that affects the way the body converts food into energy — can damage the eyes, causing vision loss and even vision loss. Could also be blindness. ,
In addition, he explained that eye diseases that can affect people with diabetes include: diabetic retinopathy, macular edema (which commonly occurs with diabetic retinopathy), cataracts, and glaucoma.
That said, the symptoms of eye diseases are:
- Dark spots or strands that float into view (floaters).
- Blurred vision
- Changing vision.
- Dark or blank fields of vision.
- visual impairment.
- Objects appear wavy, especially when looking straight ahead.
- Objects appear to be of different sizes when viewed with one eye and then with the other eye.
- Colors look faded or washed out.
- cloudy, blurred or dim vision
- More difficulty seeing at night.
- Sensitivity to light and glare.
- Need for bright light for reading and other activities.
- The vision of a halo around a light.
- Frequent changes in your prescription for glasses or contact lenses.
- Loss of color or pallor.
- Double vision in one eye.
At first, glaucoma usually doesn’t cause any symptoms, but over time, vision can gradually be lost, usually starting with side (peripheral) vision, especially the field of vision closest to the nose.
For this reason, to prevent eye diseases caused by diabetes, the disease must be prevented and the recommendations from Medline Plus, the United States National Library of Medicine, are:
1. Eat Healthy Food: Choose foods that are rich in fiber, low in fat and low in calories. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Also, keep in mind that some foods that increase insulin in the blood are: chocolate, candy, jam, honey, ice cream, soda, alcohol, sweet cookies, fast food, refined wheat flour, sugary cereals, etc.
2. Drink water: According to the Mayo Clinic, a non-profit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research, daily water consumption is different for men and women, due to the fact that there are differences between intakes, but in general, men get 3.7 Liters should be consumed. Water per day and women should drink 2.7 liters.
3. Exercise: It’s important to follow new World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines that recommend at least 150 to 300 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity per week for all adults, including those with a chronic condition or disability. Are included.
4. Control blood sugar level: According to Grupo Sanitas de España, it is recommended that blood glucose be measured when you wake up in the morning and before breakfast, and if the glucose level is between 70 and 100 mg/dl fasting and less than 140 mg/dl is considered normal. dl two hours after each meal.
5. Don’t smoke: Smoking can contribute to insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes. If you already smoke, quitting is recommended, as your body begins to heal itself as soon as you stop smoking:
- Within 20 minutes, your heart rate and blood pressure drop.
- In 12 hours, the level of carbon monoxide (a toxic gas in cigarette smoke) in the blood drops to normal levels.
- Blood circulation and lung function improve between two weeks to three months.
- In one year, the risk of developing heart disease is halved compared to people who continued to smoke.
In any case, the information given above does not replace medical advice in any way and therefore the first thing to do is to consult a health expert so that he can guide the process and indicate what needs to be done for each individual. what is most suitable.