Blurred vision can be a symptom of a variety of conditions. According to Medline Plus, the website of the United States National Library of Medicine, it is important to have frequent checkups and avoid self-diagnosis or self-medication when it comes to eye health.
“How much time to allow between exams is based on how long you can wait before detecting an eye problem that doesn’t have symptoms. Your eye doctor may recommend earlier and more frequent exams.” if you have eye problems or conditions that cause eye problems. These include diabetes or high blood pressure,” says Medline Plus.
Diabetes: Basic information to understand the causes and symptoms of this disease
Optic neuritis is a disease that can also cause blurred vision. This occurs when inflammation damages the optic nerve.
Therefore, close attention should be paid, as this condition may be a warning sign of multiple sclerosis.
Experts at the Mayo Clinic, a non-profit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research, detail the symptoms that may appear in people with optic neuritis:
pain. Eye pain, which may be worse when the eye is moved.
Loss of vision in one eye. This symptom occurs with the passage of hours or days. It may heal in weeks. However, vision loss can be permanent in some people.
loss of visual field. This means loss of lateral vision.
Loss of color (colour) vision. This affects color perception, causing a person to see colors as less bright than normal.
Flashes of light This is a symptom that causes people to see flashes of light when they move their eyes.
Eyes adjust the light so that the environment can be recognized through vision.
The treatment of this condition depends on whether it is related to another disease such as multiple sclerosis.
Corticosteroids given intravenously (IV) or taken by mouth can speed recovery. However, the final vision is no better than without steroids. Oral steroids may actually increase the risk of recurrence. If tests show that multiple sclerosis is present, some form of interferon may be helpful.
blurred vision, one of the complications of diabetes
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the disease does not cause vision loss in the short term; But “if blood sugar levels remain too high for a long time, it can damage the small blood vessels in the back of the eyes. This damage can begin during prediabetes, when glucose levels are higher than normal, But it is not enough to diagnose diabetes.
From there, diabetic macular edema, glaucoma, and cataracts can develop.
Diet is one of the major aspects that diabetics should control.
Diabetic eye damage usually develops without warning symptoms. For this reason, it is important to follow preventive treatments and have frequent medical checkups, such as a complete eye exam each time.
It is important to follow the diabetes treatment properly and avoid further health risks. Regarding vision, the NIH offers some tips for maintaining healthy eyes.
Control blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol known to be key factors in diabetes management.
Quit smoking and if possible seek help to achieve this.
Get yearly dilated eye exams.
One of the visual conditions caused by diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. Anyone who has type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes is at risk. The risk increases depending on how long you have had the disease.
“Women who have diabetes and become pregnant, or women who develop gestational diabetes, are at high risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. If you have diabetes and you become pregnant, as soon as possible a Get a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Check with your doctor if you’ll need any other eye exams during your pregnancy,” explains the National Eye Institute.
This is a condition that develops in the eyes and can lead to vision loss and blindness in people diagnosed with diabetes. “It affects the blood vessels in the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye),” explains the National Eye Institute in the United States.