Blurred vision can be a symptom of a variety of conditions. According to Medline Plus, It’s important to get regular checkups and avoid self-diagnosis or self-medication when it comes to eye health, states the United States National Library of Medicine website.
“How much time to leave between exams is based on how long you can wait without symptoms before an eye problem is detected. If you have had eye problems or conditions that Your provider will recommend earlier and more frequent tests if they cause problems. These include diabetes or high blood pressure”, indicates Medline Plus,
Optic neuritis is a disease that can also cause blurred vision. This occurs when inflammation damages the optic nerve.
Therefore, close attention should be paid, as this condition may be a warning sign of multiple sclerosis.
specialist in Mayo Clinic, The non-profit organization dedicated to clinical practice, education and research, details the symptoms that may appear in people with optic neuritis:
- pain: Eye pain, which may be worse when the eye is moved.
- Vision loss in one eye: This symptom occurs with the passage of hours or days. It may heal in weeks. However, vision loss can be permanent in some people.
- Visual Field Loss: This means loss of lateral vision.
- Loss of color (colour) vision: This affects color perception, causing a person to see colors as less bright than normal.
- Burst of Light: This is a symptom that causes people to see flashing lights when they move their eyes.
The treatment of this condition depends on whether it is related to another disease such as multiple sclerosis.
“Corticosteroids given intravenously (IV) or taken by mouth may speed recovery. However, eventual vision is no better than without steroids. Oral steroids may actually increase the risk of recurrence. If the test suggests that some form of interferon may be useful if there is multiple sclerosis”, the library details.
blurred vision, one of the complications of diabetes
According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the disease does not cause vision loss in the short term; but “If blood sugar levels remain too high for a long time, it can damage the small blood vessels in the back of the eyes. This damage can begin during prediabetes, when your glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes.”
From there, diabetic macular edema, glaucoma, and cataracts can develop.
Diabetic eye damage usually develops without warning symptoms. For this reason, it is important to follow preventive treatments and have frequent medical checkups, such as a complete eye exam each time.
It is important to follow the diabetes treatment properly and avoid further health risks. Regarding vision, the NIH offers some tips for maintaining healthy eyes.
- Control blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol known to be key factors in diabetes management
- Quit smoking and if possible seek help to achieve this.
- Get an annual dilated eye exam.
One of the visual conditions caused by diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. Anyone who has type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, or gestational diabetes is at risk. The risk increases depending on how long you have had the disease.
“Women who have diabetes and become pregnant, or women who develop gestational diabetes, are at higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. If you have diabetes and are pregnant, get a comprehensive dilated eye exam as soon as possible. Consult your doctor if you will need other eye exams during your pregnancy, explains the National Eye Institute of the United States.
This is a condition that develops in the eye And people with diabetes can have vision loss and blindness. ,It affects the blood vessels of the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye)”, explains the United States National Eye Institute.