The climate crisis will have a more severe impact in Mexico than the coronavirus pandemic Due to institutional and commercial inaction due to forest clearing, air pollution or destruction of ecosystems, cautions the book “Shrink Mexico”.
This work presents a local perspective of the climate crisis through eight chronicles produced by journalists working in the region Official data and testimony of its victims and perpetrators.
Carlos Carbona and Alejandro Melgoza, Author of Two Tales, explained in an interview with efe After years in which institutions have avoided addressing the climate crisis, Mexico has moved from a Phase of mitigation for adaptation to a new reality.
“Most of the world’s governments, until the world is on top of them, haven’t reacted. For decades this has been a problem for future Mexico”Exposed Carabana.
Melgoza considered one of the main reasons for this debacle: lax application of rules Which controls the activities of big companies.
“Governments expect that, with good will, large contributors of emissions, such as mining or thermoelectric companies, Declare the damage you’re doing, When this state inspection should apply”, he indicated.
Since 2012, Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection (Profepa) Only 11% of sanctions imposed were collected companies for their climate misconduct.
“What the prosecutors do is bow down and give them an opportunity through the commotion, which Committed to carrying out environmental projects that are often ghostly ”, Condemned Melgoza.
Both agreed on this despite avoiding catastrophe What we are experiencing is only a “demo” version of the coming destruction.
Mexican biodiversity in danger
“Collapse Mexico”, edited by Grijalbo Travel through different scenarios in which the climate crisis is most pronounced in the region: air pollution in the Valley of Mexico, floods in Tabasco, fishing exploitation in Sinaloa or migratory events caused by natural disasters, among others.
Although the general tendency is to see a fight between the good guys and the bad guys, The authors opted for a greater width of vision.
Melgoza traveled to the state of Chiapas, through which a portion of the Mayan train would pass, the flagship of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, and Followed the trail of the jaguar that lived in the jungle, Threats from environmental impact that the executive denies
“Seeing the perspective of black and white clouds. Because of what the train means in terms of mobility and development, we cannot see it as the worst thing in the world. But neither with the exuberant optimism that has marked his presidency”, said the reporter.
Chronicle of Melgoza, with the jaguar as the common thread also questions the future of other species of fauna and flora who live in the country’s most important forest and condemned the lack of consultation by the government with the indigenous communities who live in the areas the train will pass through.
Carabaña, for his part, documented several realities hidden by Legal and illegal logging of Mexican forests. All over the country alerted, 122 areas are in significant deforestation processes.
“We see defenders against illegal loggers, When usually they are people who often survive what they do. They live in areas the state has abandoned them,” he explained.
Journalist visits communities in states Hidalgo, Puebla or Michigan, In which he depicts the graveyard of trees that the area has become and the most obvious result of which is the destruction of biodiversity.
But he also investigates what the fact of cutting down a tree is like Social tensions between neighbors or the presence of organized crime.
risk of being an activist
In 2021, the Global Witness organization declares Mexico The most dangerous countries for climate environmentalists followed by 54 murders recorded that year. In 2022, two environmental activists were extrajudicially executed, according to Comet Cerezo México.
“It’s not that companies are going to kill anybody, a lot of times they do conflict engineering: They create the conditions for problems to arise in the communities themselves.” Carabana said.
Melgoza, to conclude, Escazu accord criticized for lack of results about environmental protection and the dangerous context to which institutional abandonment has led activists.
(with information efe,