SANTIAGO ( Associated Press) — The government of President Gabriel Boric tries to save the approval of a constitutional referendum just weeks before it takes place in Chile, winning votes from center-left regions that reject a new constitution, in which to introduce changes. has been promised. Most opposing issues in terms of support on September 4
Boric tied the fate of his government to the ratification of a text written by a constitutional convention dominated by the Left, which would replace the Magna Carta imposed by the military dictatorship (1973–1990) in the event that the alternative would be “I approve.” Is” . If the “rejection” wins, the army’s constitution will remain in force.
Political analysts believe that if the “rejection” wins, the government will be greatly weakened and Boric without an agenda of his own.
Two polls conducted over the weekend by local consultants Cadem and Pulse Citizen indicated that “disapproval” of the text would win over “approval” by 10 and 15 points, respectively. The Mori pollster indicates that the difference between the two options is five points.
The text to which the referendum will be held cannot be modified, so the government’s strategy is for the ruling parties to formally and in writing introduce specific changes to the new constitution if “approval” wins.
Borik urged his two political alliances a week ago to reach an agreement on future reforms before the day of the referendum, though parties affiliated with the ruling party have differing views on the matter.
Some experts believe that Borik’s tactics could give him returns in terms of conquering territories fighting for the “rejection”. Roberto Izickson, manager of Public and Quantitative Studies at consulting firm Cadem, said that although there are only 26 days left before the referendum, it is possible that there will be an increase in “approval” preferences.
He noted that the 2019 social outbreak has led to “significant changes” in Chile’s elections three weeks before voting. He said the change in trend may have been influenced by the television strip of election campaigns that provided free TV broadcasts for each option – 15 minutes for each option – and the fact that the respective election orders “hold the greatest amount of last-minute resources”. Huh.”
In addition, street mobilization for “approval” and “disapproval” increases markedly on the weekend close to the election, he pointed out.
A region of the center-left announced that it would vote against a new fundamental law because, although they share a large portion of the text, there are articles they do not accept, one of which concerns pluralism, Because they believe that it will leave indigenous peoples in a privileged category. However, they agree that indigenous peoples should be recognized constitutionally.
They also reject the abolition of the Senate, which would be won by a chamber of “approval” territory, although with less powers than that of senators. Another criterion they reject is that it would create a Justice Council with 17 members, with eight quota judges being a minority. The rest will be judicial officers and five will be appointed by Congress. They claim that the council can be politicised.
According to political analysts, they could win their votes if the ruling party is committed to reforming the criteria most opposed by the centre-left.
Ruling Senator Jaime Quintana, one of the promoters of a transversal agreement in 2019 that would lead to a constitutional resolution to be voted on in September, acknowledged that “acceptance” is at serious risk. The only possibility is to turn in search of the center and centre-left vote,” he said.
However, only one of the president’s two coalitions, the so-called Democratic Socialism, closed around Boric’s call, while his nearest bloc, I Approve Dignity – made up of the Communist Party (PC) and the left-wing Broad Front (FA). . – They oppose the agreement for reforms.
The president of the PC, Guillermo Teillier, said that “I do not know what reforms we can make in the new constitution … the referendum.
For his part, socialist senator Fidel Espinoza warned on Monday that if the PC or FA reject the changes, “they will win the right and those areas for ‘rejection’.”
During his visit to Bogota, where he attended the inauguration of Colombia’s new President Gustavo Petro, the Chilean president was optimistic that the parties would reach agreements to ensure “the continuation of the constituent process”.
“Whatever happens on 4 September, we are going to seek the unity of Chile as a government and the constituent process must be consolidated,” Boric stressed.