From Netflix movie recommendations to supercomputers that review medical scans to find cancer, innovations in artificial intelligence are expected to create wealth and drive growth in regions where the industry’s concentrated operations can be established early.
A study released Wednesday by the Brookings Institution’s Metropolitan Policy Program showed that although not yet a hub, Colorado’s northern frontier mountains are early competitors in emerging fields, especially Boulder.
“The Bay Area dominates, but there are some surprising inland stars,” including Boulder, said Mark Murrow, a senior researcher at Brookings College, who is a co-author of the AI Geography Report.
Waves of technological innovation followed the “winner takes all” approach, and Northern California won most of the time. Muro said that it is unclear whether artificial intelligence will also follow this technology concentration model or become more common, which is the result of the federal government’s support.
“There is evidence in both cases, which may arouse people’s interest. This raises questions about American research geography and whether the federal government can change the model,” he said.
In artificial intelligence and related fields, the Bay Area is still a “superstar” area. But the study found that 13 “early adopter” regions could provide alternative hubs, including Boulder in Boston and Austin, Texas. It also included Denver, Colorado Springs and Fort Collins in a long list of “potential adoption centers.”
Boulder is home to the University of Colorado and several federal laboratories. Each worker has US$1,067 in artificial intelligence research and development funds, 123.6 artificial intelligence-related patents per 1 million workers, and 416 artificial intelligence companies per 1 million workers. In terms of calculating federal artificial intelligence contracts per capita, Boulder is also ahead of the Bay Area. Oracle, Amazon, Soundhound, and Apple are all its artificial intelligence innovators.
Another university city, Fort Collins, also performed well in federal artificial intelligence contracts, but lags behind Boulder in other measures of artificial intelligence concentration. Denver lags behind Boulder and Fort Collins, with per capita spending on artificial intelligence research and development of $89, 11 patents per 1 million workers, and 78 artificial intelligence companies per 1 million workers.
Similar to quantum computing, the northern frontier mountains are also pushing to become a leader in the field, and artificial intelligence is still an emerging field with undetermined potential. According to the statistics of Burning Glass Technologies reviewed by the Brookings Institution, in 2019, artificial intelligence recruitment information accounted for less than 10% of 2 million IT recruitment information and less than 1% of all recruitment information.
Artificial intelligence innovation has not yet been widely adopted, and only 3% of US companies say they are using artificial intelligence applications.
The report said: “The result of all this data is that the excitement surrounding artificial intelligence is reasonable, but its adoption is still in its early stages.”