A concussion is a serious, traumatic brain injury. Athletes usually strike when they fall or collide with each other or an object, such as a goal post. Concussions often occur without an athlete losing consciousness.
Athletes who have continued concussion include headache, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or noise. Athletes who maintain a concussion may feel dazed and forgetful. They may also experience mood swings and personality changes in the long term.
Preteens and teens are more likely to conceive than adults and will take longer to recover. And athletes who have suffered an injury before are more likely to sustain the second. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention created a four-step action plan for coaches who suspect one of their athletes has suffered an injury.
While the overall number of injuries in high school sports has decreased since 2005, the overall number of injuries has increased by 87 percent. Injuries can happen to athletes in any sport. Some high school sports, especially football, make up a larger percentage of the current concussion rate than others.
Neural Effects analyzed data from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study, which collects injury data on nine common high school sports, to determine the concussion rate for each. Neural Effects used data from 2018-19 to determine the cancellation of Spring Sports in 2020.