Sunday, September 25, 2022

California moves to phase out gasoline-powered vehicles

Sacramento, Calif. ( Associated Press) — California on Thursday neared the end of the era of fossil-fuel vehicles, with regulators adopting the world’s toughest standards for transitioning to zero-emissions cars.

The California Air Resources Board’s decision to make all new cars and trucks electric or hydrogen by 2035 could reshape the US car market, which generates 10% of its sales in the nation’s most populous state.

But such a radical change in what people drive would require at least 15 times more vehicle chargers across the state, a more robust electric grid and vehicles that people of all income levels can afford.

“It’s going to be very difficult to reach 100%,” said Daniel Sperling, a member of the board of directors and founding director of the Institute for Transportation Studies at the University of California, Davis campus. “You can’t wave your wand, you can’t follow a rule: People have to buy them and actually use them.”

Governor Gavin Newsom two years ago asked state regulators to ban gasoline-powered cars by 2035, a piece of California’s aggressive policies designed to cut pollution and fight climate change. If the policy works as designed, California will halve vehicle emissions by 2040.

Other states are expected to further ramp up production of zero-emission vehicles.

The states of Washington and Massachusetts have already said they will follow California’s lead, and many more are likely to do so: New York and Pennsylvania are among 17 states that have adopted some or all of California’s emissions standards that are more stringent than federal. The ones. In June the European Parliament endorsed a plan to ban the sale of gasoline and diesel-powered cars in the EU by 2035, and Canada mandated the sale of zero-emissions vehicles by the same year.

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California policy doesn’t ban gasoline-powered cars: From 2035, people can keep their current cars or buy older ones, and 20% of sales can be plug-in hybrids that run on batteries and gasoline. Although hydrogen is a fuel option under the new regulations, in recent years it has contributed to less than 1% of sales of cars powered by fuel cells.

The change would dramatically reduce emissions and air pollutants. Transportation is the largest source of emissions in the state, as it represents about 40% of greenhouse gas emissions in the unit. The Air Council is working on a separate regulation for motorcycles and heavy trucks.

California plans to power most of the economy by 2045, not fossil fuels. A plan published by the Air Council this year predicts electricity demand to grow by 68%. At present, there are around 80,000 public chargers in the state. The California Energy Commission predicted that number would rise to 1.2 million by 2030.

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The commission says that charging cars will account for about 4% of the energy in 2030, when consumption is highest, which is usually during hot summer evenings. This is when California sometimes has difficulty supplying enough energy because the amount of solar energy decreases as the sun sets. In August 2020, hundreds of thousands of people briefly lost electricity as high demand outstripped supply.

It hasn’t happened since, and to make sure it doesn’t happen in the future, Newsom, a Democrat, is insisting on keeping the state’s last nuclear power plant open beyond its planned 2025 shutdown, and calling on the state its Have to take help. Diesel generator or natural gas thermoelectric plant as a backup when the electrical network is needed.

Today, more than 1 million people in California drive electric cars, and their charging habits vary, said Ram Rajagopal, associate professor of civil engineering and environmental scientist at Stanford University, but most people drive their cars in the evening or at night. charge the. who have studied the charging habits of cars and the needs of the energy network.

But if more people charge their cars during the day, that problem can be avoided, he said. The biggest benefit you’ll get is “switching to daytime charging,” he said.

Nation World News Desk
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