Kathleen Roane. By
Sacramento, Calif. (AP) — California wants electric vehicle sales to triple to 35% of all new car purchases over the next four years, as part of a goal to phase out sales of gas-powered cars is an offensive target. the middle of the next decade.
The California Air Resources Board’s proposal would gradually increase sales of new cars that are electric, hydrogen-powered or plug-in hybrids by 2035. About 11% of all new passenger car sales nationally occur in California, providing a significant benefit to the state. The impact on the auto market would allow Californians to still drive gas-powered cars and sell used cars, meaning planet-warming emissions would still spurt from the state’s roadways.
The expected increase in sales of electric vehicles will also require a major increase in charging stations. California has set a target of 250,000 charging stations by 2025, and currently has fewer than 80,000 stations in public spaces or in parking lots in office buildings, apartment buildings and other shared spaces. The California Energy Commission last year approved $314 million to be spent for passenger car charging stations over three years, and Newsom added more to its proposed state budget.
The release kicks off a month-long state review process and the plan requires approval from the US Environmental Protection Agency. The state is unlikely to face resistance from the Democratic White House. The Biden administration recently restored California’s power to set its own vehicle emissions standards under the Clean Air Act, and the president pledged $5 billion to build more charging stations across the country.
A group representing the auto industry said meeting the requirements would be “extremely challenging”.
According to the Hawaii Board, passenger vehicles contribute about a quarter of the state’s total greenhouse gas emissions—more than any other single source. The program is part of California’s efforts to drastically reduce carbon emissions. Between 2026 and 2040, state experts estimate the program will reduce emissions by the equivalent of about 384 million metric tons of carbon dioxide. This is slightly less than all the emissions in California’s economy in a year.
Elsewhere, Washington Gov. Jay Inslee signed a law last month setting a goal to require all new vehicles in the state to be electric by 2030, but regulators have until as late as 2023 to say that. How will the state reach there?
California rules would require 35% of new car sales for model year 2026 to be zero-emissions vehicles, including battery or hydrogen powered, or plug-in electric hybrids. This is a sharp increase from 2021 when, according to the Air Board, about 12% of all cars sold in the state were zero-emissions. Of the 26 million cars currently on California’s roads, about 1 million are zero-emissions.
This requirement increases to 100% of all new sales by 2035. Up to 20% of sales by 2035 could be plug-in hybrids that run on a combination of battery and gas power, though regulations boost how far such cars should be capable. To travel on battery power alone.
Automakers, including Ford and Toyota, touted the Alliance for Automotive Innovation for a statement on the proposal. The group says the industry is “committed to electrification and a net-zero carbon transportation future” but raises questions about the huge growth in necessary zero-emissions vehicle sales.
The group said, “Automakers will certainly work to meet whatever standards are adopted, but these draft requirements will be extremely challenging even in California and may not be achievable in all states that currently have California programs.” do follow.”
Nine states follow California’s current zero-emissions vehicle rules, which set the rule through model year 2025, and five states plan to join in future years. If the federal government approves California’s new plan, other states will have to decide whether to follow suit. New York also aims to phase out gas-powered vehicles by 2035.
The regulations require electric vehicles to achieve at least 150 miles (241 kilometers) per charge from 50 miles (80 kilometers), though most manufacturers exceed that. They install an eight-year or 100,000-mile (161,000-kilometer) battery warranty.
All 17 carmakers selling in California would be required to hit the 35% sales mark. But there is wiggle room. California’s current electric vehicle standards allow companies to save credits if they sell more electric cars than they need, and those credits can be used later to meet sales goals.
Companies may also enter into deals with each other to treat each other’s sales as theirs. State officials said electric-vehicle maker Tesla has struck such deals with several automakers in the past.
Some environmental groups said the state should set an even more aggressive timeline, arguing that heavily polluted communities can’t wait, and make it easier for low-income people to buy electric vehicles.
Scott Hochberg, a transportation attorney at the Center for Biological Diversity’s Climate Law Institute, said, “There’s no excuse for California to take the slow road to an all-electric future, when we’re going to have to go to the gas pump and see epic droughts and wildfires.” facing the fire.” ,
Associated Press journalist Tom Crischer in Detroit contributed.
This story was first published on April 13, 2022. It was updated on April 14, 2022 to correct the amount of carbon dioxide equivalents that are eliminated by the regulations. That number equates to 384 million metric tons of carbon dioxide from 2026 to 2040, not the amount that will be saved annually.