Can non-citizens vote in the United States?
Federal law prohibits non-citizens from voting in federal elections, including elections for the President, Vice President, Senate, or House of Representatives.
The 1996 law states that non-citizens caught voting illegally will face a fine, imprisonment, or both. Non-citizens who vote and are caught may also face deportation.
Some politicians and experts have warned that large numbers of non-citizens may be voting illegally. Studies show that is not the case, according to Ron Haiduk, a political science professor at San Francisco State University who studies election laws for non-citizens.
Although there are anecdotal reports of non-citizens registering and voting, “the incidence of such incidents is negligible,” Heduk said.
Research by the Brennan Center for Justice in 2017 looked at 42 jurisdictions in the 2016 election and reported that out of 23.5 million ballots cast, election officials found only 30 cases of non-citizen potential voters that they did not open for prosecution or further investigation. was sent for ,
Recent research also shows no evidence of widespread non-citizen voting. A Georgia audit of its voter rolls this year found fewer than 2,000 cases of noncitizens over the past 25 years trying to register to vote, and none of them successful. Georgia registered millions of new voters during the same period.
Federal law doesn’t prevent states or municipalities from granting non-citizens the right to vote in local elections — and some do, including 11 cities in Maryland and two in Vermont. This year, New York City passed a law that would legally allow non-citizens and DREAMers to vote for mayor and other elected officials, but a judge blocked the measure in June.
Young people who came to the United States as children, either because their parents entered the country illegally or because they stayed after their visas expired, are referred to as “Dreamers”. is referred to as.
The Associated Press answers your questions about the election in this series. Send them to FactCheck@ Associated Press.org. Read more here:
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