As explained by World Health Organization, have premature babies 37 weeks of pregnancy. They are babies who come into the world without completing their development inside the mother’s womb, so they are more vulnerable than those who do so on time.
It should be remembered that pregnancies are considered normal They last between 37 and 42 weeks, which is known as a full-term pregnancy.
Although some premature babies are not at the same risk as other premature babies, they are one of the leading causes of death in children under the age of 5 and can result in physical, neurological or neurological problems with lifelong consequences. responsible for learning disabilities.
Pablo Duran, regional perinatal health advisor for the Latin American Center for Perinatology, says, “By being born prematurely, premature babies are not fully prepared for life outside the womb and they need to maintain a normal body temperature.” May need more help with sustaining, feeding and breathing.” reproductive health (CLAP) Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
“For all children, but especially for premature babies, quality maternal care and health care will be essential to their development,” adds up.
In half of the cases of premature birth, according to what experts have declared, the causes of this condition are not known with certainty, but there are some factors that may be decisive, as revealed by Sanitas.
Mother’s problems: urinary tract infection, kidney, heart, thyroid disease, diabetes, severe anemia.
Changes in pregnancy: eclampsia and preeclampsia.
Premature birth in previous pregnancies.
Uterine changes: placental abruption, placenta previa.
Premature birth is more likely in mothers who are younger than 17 or older than 35.
Mother’s condition: stress, depression, abuse, nutritional deficiencies, smoking, alcohol or drug abuse.
Fetal changes: cardiac or chromosomal malformations, intrauterine infection.
excessive physical exercise.
Symptoms of premature labor
Some symptoms are typical and natural for a normal pregnancy; However, in case of any doubt or suspicion of preterm labor, a doctor should be seen immediately.
Pressure on pubis, as if a child is pushing down.
lower back pain.
Cramps, as if you were having your period.
Abdominal pain with or without diarrhoea.
Increased vaginal discharge and/or brown or bloody vaginal discharge.
Bleeding from the vagina