Summary: Researchers have studied the effects of cannabis on the brain and heart, and have identified potential problems.
Source: American Heart Association
Over the past decade, marijuana has grown in entertainment and drug use, with governments across the US legalizing its use. But while lighting may be legal for adults, the question of whether it is harmful or beneficial has not been answered in many cases.
Researchers say the truth is complex.
Although it has been studied for decades, little is known about how marijuana or cannabis can affect heart and brain health. And there are significant challenges to finding clear answers.
“Evidence from animal models shows complexities in the brain and heart, but human information is much darker,” said Dr. Fernando Daniel Testay, a neurologist at the Chicago Department of Neurology and Rehabilitation. Testsi marijuana was the lead author of a scientific report last year at the American Heart Association, which listed the known and unknown effects on marijuana health.
“There are a lot of things that go into equilibrium,” said Associate Professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School in Boston. She attends a MarinD program for Neuroscientific Discovery (MIND) at Maclin Hospital in Belmont, Massachusetts, which examines the impact of medical marijuana on clinical and cognitive actions, as well as brain structure and function and quality of life.
Differences in how people use marijuana, the amount of products they consume, the active ingredients they contain, how often they are used and how often they are used, and how they affect their health can be affected, Grubber said. It is the responsibility of researchers to do research in each of these areas, but legal, ethical, and other obstacles make it difficult to do so.
In 2019, more than 48 million people over the age of 12 in the United States reported using marijuana, substance abuse and mental health management. This is approximately 18% of the population, up from 11% two decades ago.
Also known as pot or weed, marijuana can be used for recreational or medicinal purposes, such as to reduce nausea or to relieve chronic pain in people with cancer. It can be smoked in the form of cigarettes or through pipes or water pipes, and can be put in vampires or baked goods, gum candy or drinks.
Its compounds can be extracted to produce oils and concentrates, which can be by vaptide or by smoking. Although there are indications that marijuana smoking may be harmful, the safety of one method is relatively unknown.
Grumber: Some confusion arises as to what people mean when they use the word “marijuana.” Marijuana is a cannabis plant that contains more than 100 chemical compounds, including dried flowers, leaves, stems, and seeds.
The two most well-known tetrahydrocannabinol-THC-‘s are responsible for the mental effects of the plant and cannabidol-CBD is not “high” but is used to treat pediatric epilepsy, anxiety, pain and swelling.
“We often use the word ‘marijuana’ or ‘cannabis’ to describe anything that comes from plants, but different compounds from the plant have different effects,” says Grubber.
She also says that it is important to distinguish between recreational and drug use when discussing health effects. “Recreational consumers need high THC content in their products. Medical users may or may not. They usually do not want to go up, but they do want to go to the mall and remember why they are there.
Some studies suggest that chronic, severe use of recreation can impair cognitive function — especially during adolescence. But studies show that adult medical cannabis patients may experience some cognitive benefits. Grubber He was the author of a study published in 2018. Borders of Pharmacology Journal of Cannabis for People Who Use Medical Cannabis Over time, without the hassle of learning and memorizing.
There are also differences in how different types of use affect heart health.
Although high levels of THC can cause high blood pressure due to recreational use, Gruber, in a study conducted in Israel last year, found that people aged 60 and over used medical marijuana for three months to lower their blood pressure.
According to the AAAA, scientific observations from AAAA indicate that the use of marijuana may increase the risk of heart attack, atrial fibrillation, and heart failure, but that its effects on the heart and blood vessels are not fully understood.
A study that directly compares the use of medical marijuana with recreational use helps, says Testiay. It becomes a clearer definition of what constitutes deep-seated, heavy-handed entertainment.
“Most studies measure exposure to marijuana based on self-report use,” he said. There is no definite information on how much people eat.
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Another challenge is that people who use recreational drugs may use other drugs or substances, such as cigarettes or mind-altering drugs. This makes it difficult to ridicule the effects of which substances, says Testify.
“How often does a person use marijuana, how much does it cost, and how often does it benefit?” For example, people with THC may initially experience a rapid heartbeat called tachycardia. However, repeated use can often lead to intolerance after a few days or weeks.
In clinical studies, researchers measure and control what people eat. However, the federal government still classifies marijuana as Schedule 1, which means it has high potential for abuse, so researchers face strict restrictions on the products that can be given to study participants.
The National Drug Abuse Program provides marijuana for research purposes, says Grubber. But research-grade marijuana is not what people eat at home.
“Cannabis is a lot of different things if it’s very direct, unlike alcohol,” she said. In her research studies, she asked people who use recreational marijuana products to provide samples of their most commonly used products so that they can be analyzed to better measure what goes into their bodies.
Age also plays an important role, says Grubber. Evidence suggests that marijuana use may be more harmful to the brain than it is to adulthood.
Testsy researchers face another challenge: the inability to assign a control group to placebo.
“The most basic or obvious way to practice research is to conduct random research with Plasma,” he said. But with marijuana, he said: “There is no way you can hide the result. Doing high-quality research in this field is confusing in the way marijuana works, not to mention ethics.
Unless a better solution is found, researchers say: “They need to be creative. We should try to capture as much information as we can, as closely as possible, in order to carry out clinical trials as closely as possible.
About Cannabis and Neuroscience Research News
Author Laura Williamsson
Source: American Heart Association
Contact Laura Williams – American Heart Association
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