Saturday, February 4, 2023

ChatGpt already appears as the author of Scientific Research articles: The debacle of whether AI can help do science

ChatGPT is a chatbot with artificial intelligence in fashion. Here we cover everything from how to use it, its possible integration into Bing and Office programs, as well as its ability to write articles, how to “fight” its use in universities, and even take advantage of AI. discussed. virtual girlfriend Now, the next innovation of AI is its use Published at least four articles Y Preprint.

According to NatureAfter contacting publishers and preprint servers, they reported that AI likes ChatGPT does not meet the criteria to be considered an author of a study, as they cannot take responsibility for the content and integrity of scientific articles, although other editors state that AI contributions to the writing may be recognized in sections other than the list of authors.

ChatGPT articles so far

In the first case where GPT is cited, he appears as one of the 12 authors of the preprint. this is about Equipment use for medical education and was published in the medRxiv medical repository in December 2022.

In another document, an editorial in the journal Nurse Education in Practice lists ChatGPT as a co-author, although Roger Watson, the journal’s editor-in-chief, states that the credit goes to “swiped by mistake” and will soon be fixed. According to Watson, the lapse occurred because publishers have a separate management system Used in research articles.

Chatterjee In A Medical Journal Editorial

ChatGPT in Medical Journal Editorial

Another place where AI also appears as a co-author is in a perspective article in the journal oncologyHowever, this is a special case, as Alex Zhavoronkov, CEO of Insilico Medicines, his AI-powered drug discovery company in Hong Kong, said. Has published more than 80 articles Created by Generative AI Tools.

Especially regarding the latter created by ChatGPT, here is an article that analyzes it Advantages and disadvantages of taking the drug rapamycinUsing the perspective of Pascal’s Wager. According to Zhavoronkov, pairs of oncology He reviewed the document after being asked to do so by his editor.

Chatgpt Ann Oncoscience

For the fourth article, published on the French preprint server HAL in July 2022 and soon to be published in a peer-reviewed journal, GPT-3, co-written by a former chatbot,

In this case, the co-author, Almira Usmanovic Thünström, commented that one journal rejected the article after review, but accepted it after a second review, with GPT-3 as the author, after rewriting In response to reviewers’ requests.

How to handle articles with AI collaboration

For now, the editor-in-chief of Nature why Science He said ChatGPT Does not meet the authoring standard since attribution involves attribution of work, that cannot be applied to the Language Model (LLM).

This means that if an author uses any of these to develop their article, their use must be documented in other parts of the article, such as in methods or acknowledgment sectionsMagdalena Skipper, Editor-in-Chief suggests Nature in London.

Fingers Robot

Image: Tara Winstead

For his part, Holden Thorpe, editor-in-chief of the Science family of journals in Washington DC, explained that an AI would not be allowed to appear as the author of a published article, because without using the text generated by the LL.M. trust proper dating This can be considered plagiarism.

In the case of Taylor & Francis Publishing House, they state that the author is responsible for “the legality and integrity of your work“, so they should cite the use of the LL.M. in the thank you section.

The Board of Physical Sciences preprint server arXiv has also discussed the use of generative AI, and Chief Science Officer Steen Sigurdsson shares this point. Nature in which they cannot be the author of any publication Being unable to accept the Terms of Use and the right to distribute the material.

An AI without responsibility for what it writes

For now, according to Matt Hodgkinson, research integrity manager at the UK Office of Research Integrity clear writing guidelines which means that ChatGPT should not be credited as a co-author, as it is “significant academic contribution“For the article.

Laptop Writing

Imagine: Automotive

However, the key point is that you must also have the ability to agree to co-author and take charge of a studyWhich represents an obstacle for AI tools.

In Zhavoronkov’s case, he elaborated that when he tried to get ChatGPT to write more technical articles from a basic perspective, it often spewed out statements”.not necessarily true, giving different answers to the same question which creates a risk to academia if misused, as more inexperienced people may try to write their own scientific papers with AI.

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