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Sunday, December 04, 2022

Chile: divided referendum on approval of its new constitution

Chileans have been called to elections this Sunday to decide whether they want to be buried once and for all Constitution Who even today drags the country from dictatorship Augusto Pinochet. The campaign has shown the division that still persists in society and, if elections are held, drafted new carta magna will be rejected.

renewal process dates 2019When mass protests broke out in October, over a hike in the price of public transport, the then-president’s government was put on the ropes, Sebastian Pinera, The United Nations has attributed nearly thirty deaths in these mobilizations to security forces.

known as ‘Social outbreak’ completed in November with Compromise for social peace and new constitution, In which other representatives of the opposition including Pinera and the then deputy Gabriel BorikAgreed on a roadmap to calm things down and overcome the crisis.

LEA: Constitution in Chile: 4 factors that explain the political and social divisions caused by the resolution

It is said that the agreement considered the celebration of the first referendum in which the citizens were to decide. if they wanted a new constitution And, if so, to which body it should write. The majority of citizens own (with 78 percent) a . placed in favor of constitutional Convention, Ultimately composed mainly of independents and representatives of the Left.

Already with Borik as president, constituents examine the topics one by one they studied to be included in a draft that contains a total of 388 articles. Voters will answer the question: “Do you accept the text of the new constitution proposed by the Constitutional Convention?”.

According to the proposed text, the state Chile is considered “multinational”The right of the indigenous population to express its opinion on matters that affect them is considered and the rights are put in writing abortion (without explicitly naming it) or with reference to housing.

With structural changes in the judicial system and the disappearance of the Senate, the reforms extend to some core institutions as well. In the case of the House of Representatives ‘approval’ wins.

borik no convention

Boric himself has campaigned for the approval of the new draft, on which he “a good opinion” Despite the fact that he believes that “there are always things that can be improved”, as he himself admitted in an interview published by Time magazine this week. America.

The President has acknowledged the obvious during the drafting process. denial of citizenship already reflected in the polls, which are finally being translated Benefit of ‘Rejection’ Polls give this option an advantage of up to ten points, although no surveys have been published. From 20 August.

Many public faces have joined the campaign in favor of the change, such as the former president of Chile. Michelle Bachelet. former President Sebastian Pinera, Instead, she is silent, though her surroundings have eluded the local media that leans towards her. ‘No’.

LEA: Chile: Latest polls show majority disapproval of new constitution

If ‘approval’ is successful, it will mean immediate revocation Constitution drafted in 1980, apart from the fact that the new Magna Carta may be open to changes. The government has already announced that it will seek reform to propose, for example, that The President of Chile cannot stand for re-election.

On the other hand the victory of ‘rejection’ leaves everything as it is. Even then, borik It has denied that this means returning to the starting point and opted instead to return to the 2020 referendum, as it believes the mandate at that time “still valid”.

“If ultimately rejection is to be won, which is legitimate, it is necessary to continue that mandate of the people,” he told Time, which would once again be by invoking a new constitutional convention. “It’s not a fad” influenced.

If ‘approval’ is successful, it will mean immediate revocation Constitution drafted in 1980, apart from the fact that the new Magna Carta may be open to changes. The government has already announced that it will seek reform to propose, for example, that The President of Chile cannot stand for re-election.

On the other hand the victory of ‘rejection’ leaves everything as it is. Even then, borik It has denied that this means returning to the starting point and opted instead to return to the 2020 referendum, as it believes the mandate at that time “still valid”.

“If ultimately rejection is to be won, which is legitimate, it is necessary to continue that mandate of the people,” he told Time, which would once again be by invoking a new constitutional convention. “It’s not a fad” influenced.

waiting for result

in large quantity 15 million chiles They are called to participate in this process, in which voting is mandatory. Schools will open at 08:00 (local time) and close ten hours later, with the possibility of extending hours If there is a queue of voters.

Electoral Service of Chile (Servel) It has also organized conferences so that expatriate citizens can participate. Spain It is the second country with the most potential voters (over 11,600), only behind America.

Electoral body establishes that no school can close after midnight Chile And the plan is to start publishing the results on the same Sunday, as they become available after the closure of polling stations.

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