pablo cortesMarket Manager LATAMGeoffert Ltd. has given an analysis of the peach market in recent years, what are the trends to take into account of the upcoming seasons and market characteristics.
Chile is one of the major exporters of peaches to the Southern Hemisphere., supplies to the countries of the Northern Hemisphere, especially the United States and Latin America. Seasonal availability of this rich fruit with delicate aroma, juicy and yellowish pulp is mainly from December to March and its cultivation is concentrated in V and VI regions (Valparaíso, Santiago and Rancagua).
planted peach field
Next, in the table of Odepa and Sirene, the area planted with fresh peaches since 2011 is shown, with variation occurring over the past 5 years, in contrast to nectarines and plums in decline in area.
Peaches have been relatively stable, down 8% and haven’t seen an increase in nectarine. The United States has lost export volume in recent years, but it has been picked up by Latin America. Asia exports zero quantity as peaches are not well harvested and hence there is no market and relatively little is exported to Europe.
las Lady, Zee Lady, Elegant Lady, Rich LadyThey are of the highest volume. The first five varieties account for almost half of the total quantity exported last year, accounting for 46%. (see table)
Lady group is at its peak, Rich ladies are a little earlier and around week 51-52, it is mostly fruit from the central region of Chile. Later September Sun and Sweet September peaches that are in high demand in markets such as Brazil, Sweet September does well because of their large size and yellow colour.
In this Latin American peach market, which represents more than 40% of the total volume, more than half the volume goes to Mexico, a country that is interested in the yellow varieties and obtains all sizes.
“In the case of Mexico It is necessary that the orchards should be registered and the major challenge for export is that they should comply with the registration regulation and should be classified on the basis of detection of certain pests in the approval of inspection and that category indicates that Will the fruit go through a fumigation or bromide process, or not,” Cortés says.
Therefore, what the professional recommends is to do a good deed for category A in the field and plant, so that the fruit goes straight to Mexico without going through fumigation and bromide processes, as this affects the condition of the fruit.
Peaches are one of the most exported Chilean fruits, but since the markets are far away, they must be refrigerated, in good condition and avoided to be eaten.
For example Brazil Exporting is easy, all you need to do is prospecting for lobesia and Latin America is a good market to consider.
In the United States, the quantity exported this season was 180 thousand boxes. “This is the maximum number the US endures for two weeks in a row, as supply exceeds demand and the market begins to fall, driving prices down.” That is why it is recommended to distribute the fruits so as not to overdry.
Lastly, peach markets – Mexico, Brazil and the US – have remained the same over time, the volume should not be exceeded for the latter country, always be attentive to the markets as they are dynamic, with good brix and good postharvest varieties are quality because they are demanding.