Russia and China last week signed a protocol on the phytosanitary requirements that Russian grain must meet to be imported into the Chinese market. For some, this firm is just another move for a short-term export of Russian grain. However, for others, this is a purely political gesture and, moreover, déjà vu.
In February 2022, with the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the two countries had already signed a document that expanded the basic choices of wheat and barley imported into China. This allowed these raw materials to come from all over Russia, which was expected, according to Agricensus, to allow Russian trade to use Black Sea ports to increase shipments.
However, more than a year later, and despite the fact that wheat and barley trade between the two countries has increased over the past year, it is still far from reaching significant levels, according to AgroDigital.
Exporting Russian grain to China is often not easy as Chinese customs are reluctant to authorize Russian wheat due to phytosanitary issues.
These are the three steps that generally must be completed for a new originator to enter the Chinese market:
- Establishment of Phytosanitary Standards
- Company registration with the General Administration of Customs of China
- Chinese state company Cofco is to import the first to see how the process works.
China currently allows wheat exports from Australia, France, the United States, South Africa, Turkey, Sweden, Russia, Mexico, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, Italy, Hungary, the United Kingdom, Spain, Denmark and Canada. and barley from the United States, Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Japan, France, Denmark, Canada, Argentina, and Uruguay.
(tag to translate) Russia (T) China