Thursday, October 28, 2021

China promotes IVF to counter rising infertility rates in its growing population

After the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) introduced the “three-child policy” in May, local governments began various incentives to encourage people to have more children, including the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Analysts believe that the CCP will go on to use technological tools to increase the birth rate in China’s growing population.

On 14 September, Chinese state-controlled media CCTV said that, in recent years, more families with infertility are choosing assisted reproductive technology.

In the CCTV program, some experts recommended IVF as the most common method among various techniques, commonly referred to as test-tube baby. According to the report, about three lakh test tube babies are born in China every year.

However, assisted reproduction is expensive. The cost of an IVF procedure, including examination and treatment, is between $5,873 and $7,728, and more than half of couples need the procedure more than once before the procedure is successful.

Meanwhile, China has a limited number of medical institutions that offer assisted reproductive procedures, most of which are in its first or second tier cities. Patients in some areas have to travel to other provinces for every treatment, which costs a lot.

According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, there are currently 50 to 60 million infertile couples of childbearing age in China, and the infertility rate has doubled six-fold in the past 30 years. The latest data showed that the infertility rate for couples of childbearing age has increased from 12 to 18 percent.

China’s assisted reproductive medicine company Jinxin Fertility said in its 2019 prospectus that the prevalence of infertility in China is expected to increase from 16 percent in 2018 to 18.2 percent in 2023. According to its estimates, China’s infertility rate has been high for a long time. global average, and it is projected to be even higher in the future.

“Child birth is one of the most important natural processes of human life. What caused such a big change in 30 years?” Dr. Cui Hong told the Epoch Times reporter. Dr. Cui is a former Chinese obstetrician and gynecologist who has practiced medicine for nearly 30 years.

“There are many reasons [for the rising infertility rate]: increasing pollution of the living environment, chemicals in food, fast paced work and life, increased stress etc., with people marrying late and giving birth later in the modern era, their best childbearing age vanished . In addition, various modern diseases lead to a decline in the quality of the sperm or egg,” Dr. Cui said.

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He said the rate of congenital infertility is extremely low, so it is mainly due to acquired causes. If a person’s body has undergone surgery and is damaged to a great extent, it can also lead to infertility.

“In the past, people focused more on self-cultivation and vitality. Fertility rates were very high at that time. Whereas, in the modern era, people are more prone to panic and anxiety,” Dr. Cui said. Emphasizing that the human mind plays an important role in fertility.

Dr. Cui said that as a doctor, she is not opposed to IVF, “If you are still infertile after normal fertility treatments, you can try assisted reproduction procedures, but the success rate is half as high.” She explains that most cases of unsuccessful IVF are related to the health of the mother. During IVF, an egg is removed from the woman’s ovaries and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized egg, called an embryo, then returns to the woman’s womb to grow and develop. However, some women have weak bodies, and they are unable to tolerate the process.

Although most parents want to have children of their own, sometimes, if one of the couples cannot provide a qualified sperm or egg and still wants to use IVF, they can provide donor sperm or eggs in a hospital. can do. In this case, the child born would have no blood relation with either of the parents, which would complicate their relationship.

“At present, CCP is promoting test-tube baby and is keen to increase the fertility rate through technological means to arrest the declining trend of population. Still the water from the distance will not quench [their] immediate thirst; The technology may not be mature enough,” Xue Mingyang, a freelance journalist, told The Epoch Times.

Louise Brown, the world’s first test tube baby, was born on 25 July 1978 in England. She is 43 years old this year. They were married in 2004 and gave birth to a baby boy in 2006 through a natural pregnancy.

The ethical and moral controversies of the test-tube baby have existed since its inception.

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Sean Lin is a Chinese expatriate living in New Zealand. He has contributed to The Epoch Times since 2009, with a focus on China-related topics.

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This News Originally From – The Epoch Times

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