Friday, February 3, 2023

Climate warming gases to increase by 5.7% in 2022 in Spain

According to provisional data from the Sustainability Observatory, the gas emissions that cause climate change in Spain are set to increase by 5.7% in 2022 compared to the previous year. Greater use of coal, oil and natural gas, reactivation of road transport and a 40% reduction in hydroelectric power generation due to drought largely explain this outlook.

After reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in 2018, 2019 and 2020, the trend has been broken in the last two years.

this is the result of a certain back to normal Following the pandemic, the crisis resulted in the biggest reduction in emissions in 2020. And all this, despite the war in Ukraine and high prices for natural gas, oil and electricity.

The result is that greenhouse gas emissions have increased by 5.17% relative to 1990, when the target for 2030 is to reduce them by 23% (according to climate change legislation).

A major factor has been the sharp decline in hydraulic production due to drought.

Drought years lead to less hydraulic production and make it necessary to burn more coal and natural gas, with a resulting increase in emissions.

Coal accounts for 59% of electricity generation through 2022 (though it already represents a minor source), while natural gas consumption at combined cycle plants is expected to increase by 61%, despite higher prices due to Russia’s aggression. % increased by. Of Ukraine.

Oil consumption to increase by 9.1% till October while road emissions to increase by 3.3% in 2022. Wind power grew by only 0.9% and photovoltaics by 33%.

However, to put in more perspective, emissions in Spain have decreased by 31% compared to 2005. Coal is being progressively replaced by natural gas and renewable sources (wind, photovoltaic and thermosolar), which explains this reduction in long-term emissions. ,

road transport, Achilles heel

The report indicates that the increase in emissions in the years 2021 (5.1%) and 2022 (5.7%) make it necessary to increase efforts to decarbonize the economy (since the target of climate change legislation, as stated above , is) cut these emissions by 23% by 2030 compared to 1990).

To reach the target set for 2030, a reduction of 3.5% each year would be necessary; The report states that if a 55% reduction is to be achieved (in line with the new requirement of the Fit for 55 Community Policy), an annual reduction of 7.5% will be necessary by the end of the decade.

Truck, Truck, Transport, Carrier, Strike, Protest Europa Press (File Photo) 03/18/2022

road transport

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Are the Community Commitments for 2030 Achievable? The Stability Observatory distinguishes between two situations. Sectors subject to the market for buying and selling emissions rights (thermal, refining, steel, cement, tile …), representing 33% of the total, most likely to account for the planned closure of coal-fired thermoelectric . Plant and development of renewable energy. But targets in so-called diffuse sectors (residential, transport, agriculture, waste…), and where road transport is involved, require a much greater effort, the report said.

more renewable

The document from the Sustainability Observatory calls for new initiatives to achieve a structural and deorganicisation rather than a floating economy.

In this sense, it is necessary to continue the substitution of coal and gas and to develop more renewable energy: thermosolar (technologies that concentrate insolation and heat on a single point to achieve high temperatures), pumping (using flows to store to be able to) reservoir) and large-scale implementation of photovoltaic installations on industrial, commercial, domestic or administrative sites as well as in areas without relevant influence (landfills, mining areas, tailings, history, highways …).

There is also a need for substantial revision of the current pricing model in the electricity market to promote savings and better understand the cost of generation in each technology, which will require an updated audit of the cost of each technology used.

Electric Car

Similarly, the need to implement less polluting technologies in sectors such as refineries or cement plants (clinker, petrochemical and metallurgical production, representing about 10% of emissions as of 2019) is missed and that rehabilitation remains a pending issue. Is. Housing stock with support for the most vulnerable, especially in cities.

The promotion of the electric car, demands for greater control of emissions from the livestock sector (agriculture and livestock throw 14.2% of total emissions into the atmosphere in terms of CO2) and plans to turn road transport towards railways complete the table of proposals.

he reported

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