The country with the worst rate of child poverty between the OECD and the European Union

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Colombia, the country with the worst rate of child poverty between the OECD and the European Union

Despite progress in recent years, more than 69 million children live in poverty in the 39 richest countries, or more than one child in five, according to Unicef.

Between the periods 2012–2014 and 2019–2021, the number of children in poverty decreased by 8% in almost 40 European Union and OECD countries analyzed.

This represents “about 6 million” children left in poverty, according to a report released on Tuesday night by Unicef ​​​​Inocenti, the research arm of the UN agency.

But by the end of 2021, “there will be more than 69 million poor children” in these countries, the report said.

With a child poverty rate of 35%, Colombia is the country with the worst rate of child poverty, followed by Turkey (33.8%), Romania (29%), Spain (28%), Mexico (27.3%), the United States (26.6%), and Chile (21.6%) in the period 2019–2021. With 9.9%, the best student is Denmark, followed by Slovenia (10%), Finland (10.1%), the Czech Republic (11.6%), and Norway (12%).

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“More than money”

“Poverty is more than a lack of money,” the report warns. “For most children, this means the risk of growing up without nutritious food, without clothes, without school supplies, or without enough heating,” commented Bo Viktor Nylund from Unicef ​​​​​​​Inocenti, who warns about the risks of “physical and mental fatigue. .” knock”.

UNICEF is based on “relative poverty” equal to 60% of the national average income, which is often used in developed countries to establish the poverty line. The report emphasizes the need to establish specific social protection tools to guarantee the well-being of children and the “political will” of rulers.

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And lifting children out of poverty is not an automatic consequence of a country’s wealth. Despite the general progress that has taken place in the last decade, there are differences between countries. The bottom line is that those “who have done the most to reduce child poverty are not the richest or those who have grown up the most,” the report recalled.

In fact, since 2012, the most significant failures have been recorded in rich countries such as the United Kingdom, where child poverty increased by 19.6%, Iceland (+11%), and France (+10.4%), and those that most reduced it. They are Poland (-37.6%), Slovenia (-31.4%), Latvia (-31%), and Lithuania (-30.6%).

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In the United States, the number of children in poverty decreased by 6.7%, although more than one child in every four lives in relative poverty, twice as much as in Denmark in the period 2019–2021, a country with low income. same for every resident. .

The greatest risk of child poverty is faced by children from single-parent families, those belonging to minorities, and immigrants.

In the United States, for example, 30% of African American, 29% of Native American, and 22% of Hispanic children live below the national poverty line, compared to 10% of non-Hispanic white children.

In the EU, a child with non-EU parents is 2.4 times more likely to be poor than a child with European parents.