Friday, September 29, 2023

Consumers paid up to 3.5 times more than the manufacturer receives

According to him Price index at origin and destination (IPOD), prepared by the “Regional Economy” sector of the Argentine Association of Medium Enterprises (CAME) in August the prices of Agrifood They multiplied 3.5 times from the field (origin) to the nacelle (destination). That is, the consumer paid $3.5 for every $1 the producer received. The difference is in one product There were up to 11 times more.

On average, manufacturer participation accounted for 24.7% of final sales prices. The producers of had the largest participation strawberry (60.8%), while the lowest value was among those lemon (9.1%).

For other fruit and vegetable products, the manufacturer accounted for 35.9% of the shelf price due to lower supply and lower quality pumpkin; 35.8% of pepper; He 34.7% of The father and 29.4% of round tomato; Data corresponding to the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for August, which indicates the “Food and non-alcoholic beverages” segment as the segment with the largest increase of the month, highlighting the increase in vegetables and tubers, among others.

Food: Which products have the biggest gaps?

He lemon (11 times), the carrot (8,9), the zucchini (8.6), the orange (7.3) and the Onion (7.2) were the five products that had the largest difference between source and target prices.

For the fifth month in a row, the lemon It was the food with the largest gap between producer and consumer. Their prices increased by 6.7% at the destination, while at the origin they recorded an increase of 20.3%, which is due to a slight price recovery after the drought. That is, despite the fact that the field-gondola difference continues to decrease (from 12.3 times in July to 11 times in August), lemon continues to be the product with the fruit greater inequality between both ends of the value chain.

In relation to carrot, their prices fell both for the producer (7.3%) – due to the poor quality of the crop in Mendoza as a result of the drought – and for the consumer (5.2%). He zucchini for its part also recorded a decline Gondola prices (9.1%), but no deviations were found at the origin.

Another reason was the behavior of the orange, where a monthly increase of 12.7% was observed at the origin due to price adjustments and an increase of 21.8% at the destination; and des Onion with a price increase of 6.1% at origin and 6.6% at the shelf.

Food: These are the products with the smallest gaps

Among the products they presented little difference Between the price received by the producer and the price paid by the consumer, there are two products of animal origin and three products of fruit and vegetable origin.

In the case of Eggs (2.1-fold) and the pollo (2.6), they usually have integrated production systems so that all actors in their respective value chain are part of the business risk. While eggs increased by 24.8% at origin and 29.7% at destination, chicken meat increased by 26.7% for producers and 23% for consumers. Both origin increases respond to a price update.

He pepper and that pumpkin, in turn also increased at both ends of the chain: 31.6% and 2.8% at the origin and 102.3% and 4.2% at the destination. In the particular case of pepper, the increase in producer prices is a response to an increase in the quality of production in Salta and a decrease in supply destined for the domestic market as markets concentrate Neighboring countries like Paraguay buy a large part of the production.

Finally, this strawberry the only fruit that was among the products with the lowest IPOD distances in August showed a different behavior: its prices fell both at the place of origin (2.6%) and at the destination (3.3%).

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Desk
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