Saturday, July 2, 2022

Consumption of sweet and unsweetened coffee reduces risk of death – Nation World News

summary: People who drink sweetened coffee daily are up to 31% less likely to die within 7 years than non-coffee drinkers. Those who drank unsweetened coffee were 21% less likely to die during follow-up.

Source: American College of Physicians

One cohort study found that compared to non-coffee drinkers, adults who drank moderate amounts (1.5 to 3.5 cups per day) of unsweetened coffee or sweetened coffee with sugar had a 7-year follow-up period. The chances of dying during this period were low.

The results were less clear for those using artificial sweeteners.

conclusion . are published in History of internal medicine.

Previous studies looking at the health effects of coffee found that coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of death, but did not differentiate between coffee and coffee consumed with added sugar or artificial sweeteners.

Researchers at Southern Medical University in Guangzhou, China, used data from the UK Biobank Study Health Behavior Questionnaire to evaluate the association of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and no-sugar coffee with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. done for.

More than 171,000 UK participants without known heart disease or cancer were asked a series of dietary and health behavior questions to determine their coffee consumption habits.

  • The authors found that during the 7-year follow-up period, participants who drank unsweetened coffee were 16 to 21% less likely to die than participants who did not drink coffee.
  • They also found that participants who drank 1.5 to 3.5 cups of sugar-sweetened coffee daily were 29 to 31% less likely to die than participants who did not drink coffee.
  • The authors noted that adults who drank sugar-sweetened coffee added only 1 teaspoon of sugar per cup of coffee, on average.
  • The results were inconclusive for participants who used artificial sweeteners in their coffee.

Any accompanying editorial by the editors of history of internal medicine notes that while coffee does have properties that may make the health benefits possible, complex variables, including more difficult to measure differences in socioeconomic status, diet and other lifestyle factors, may influence the findings.

Previous studies looking at the health effects of coffee found that coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of death, but did not differentiate between coffee and coffee consumed with added sugar or artificial sweeteners. Image is in public domain

The authors state that participant data is at least 10 years old and collected from a country where tea is an equally popular beverage.

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They caution that the average amount of daily sugar per cup of coffee recorded in this analysis is much lower than specialty drinks at popular coffee chain restaurants, and that many coffee consumers may drink it in place of other beverages that are non-alcoholic. -Drinkers make comparison more difficult. ,

Based on this data, physicians can tell their patients that most coffee drinkers do not need to eliminate the drink from their diet, but need to be cautious about high-calorie specialty coffees.

About this coffee and mortality research news

Author: Press Office
Source: American College of Physicians
contact: Press Office – American College of Physicians
image: Image is in public domain

Basic Research: closed access.
“Association of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and unsweetened coffee consumption with all-cause and cause-specific mortality” by Dan Liu et al. history of internal medicine

closed access.
“Potential Health Benefits of Coffee: Does a Spoonful of Sugar Eliminate It?” by Christina C.V. history of internal medicine


essence

Association of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and no-sugar coffee consumption with all-cause and cause-specific mortality

Background:

Previous observational studies have suggested an association between coffee consumption and a reduced risk of death, but these studies did not differentiate between coffee consumed with sugar or artificial sweeteners and those consumed without.

purpose:

To evaluate the association of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and no-sugar coffee consumption with all-cause and cause-specific mortality.

design:

Prospective cohort study.

Establishment:

Data were extracted from UK Biobank.

see all

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Participant:

A total of 171 616 participants (mean age, 55.6 years.) [SD, 7.9]) without cardiovascular disease (CVD) or cancer at baseline were eligible. Baseline demographic, lifestyle and dietary data from the UK Biobank were used, the follow-up of which began in 2009 and ended in 2018.

Measurements:

Dietary intake of sugar-sweetened, artificially sweetened, and no-sugar coffee was self-reported. All-cause, cancer-related, and CVD-related mortality were estimated.

Result:

During a mean follow-up of 7.0 years, 3177 deaths were recorded (including 1725 cancer deaths and 628 CVD deaths). Cox models with penalized splines showed the relationship of U-shaped non-sweetened coffee, sugar-sweetened coffee, and artificially sweetened coffee with mortality. Compared to non-consumers, after adjustment for consumers of different amounts of no-sugar coffee (>0 to 1.5, >1.5 to 2.5, >2.5 to 3.5, >3.5 to 4.5, and >4.5 drink/d) -There was a low risk for causal mortality. Lifestyle, sociodemographic and clinical with respective risk ratios of 0.79 (95% CI, 0.70 to 0.90), 0.84 (CI, 0.74 to 0.95), 0.71 (CI, 0.62 to 0.82), 0.71 (CI, 0.60 to 0.84). ​factor , and 0.77 (CI, 0.65 to 0.91); The corresponding estimates for consumption of sugar-sweetened coffee were 0.91 (CI, 0.78 to 1.07), 0.69 (CI, 0.57 to 0.84), 0.72 (CI, 0.57 to 0.91), 0.79 (CI, 0.60 to 1.06) and 1.05. CI, 0.82 to 1.36). The association between artificially sweetened coffee and mortality was less consistent. The association of coffee drinking with mortality from cancer and CVD was largely consistent with all-cause mortality. U-shaped associations were also observed for instant, ground and decaffeinated coffee.

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range:

Exposure assessed at baseline may not capture changes in intake over time.

conclusion:

Moderate consumption of unsweetened and sugar-sweetened coffee was associated with a lower risk of death.

Primary funding sources:

The National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Young Elite Scientist Sponsorship Program by Cast, and the project is supported by the Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation.


essence

Potential Health Benefits of Coffee: Does One Spoon of Sugar Kill It All?

Coffee is one of the most commonly consumed beverages, and there has been a long-standing interest in understanding its health effects.

By 2022 estimates, Americans drink 517 million cups of coffee per day, and 66% of Americans surveyed reported drinking coffee in the previous day.

Much of the data to date on the health effects of coffee has relied on observational studies, and these – including the 2 earlier studies by Günter and colleagues and Park and colleagues published in Annals in 2017 – have been linked to coffee consumption and all-cause mortality. suggest a U-shaped relationship between rates. and other health consequences; Those who consume moderate amounts of coffee daily.

Nation World News Desk
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