Monday, October 3, 2022

culture as second nature

“Cultural Anthropology” has been a discipline developed in the United States. Franz Bosso, He and his disciples are part of the cultural anthropological stream. in the United Kingdom from the time of the common denomination AR Radcliffe-Brown of social anthropology.

Whereas in the first sect Emphasizes productive fact The same is done in the case of human culture, English anthropology with the fact that human join a society, In contrast, English anthropology attributed it to a more limited and specialized field of study, although without denying the close relationship of this anthropology with other social and anthropological sciences.

  1. socio-cultural anthropology
  2. natural environment
  3. human characteristics
  4. human abilities
  5. relationship with nature
  6. relationship results

socio-cultural anthropology

Most importantly, and whatever it is, it is that, whether called social anthropology or cultural anthropology, both share the same kinds of problems, concerns, methods, and theoretical orientations. This fact confirms that the subject is called socio-cultural anthropology,

In continental Europe it is well known that other denominations such as ethnography, ethnography, etc. exist. In the middle of the 20th century, Claude Levi-Strauss, He attempted to popularize a conceptual integration that named ethnography for the description of a culture, anthropology for the comparative phase, and anthropology for a final theoretical extension, which in this case would be sociological.

Lévi-Strauss’s proposal, fully accepted, forms part of the essence of anthropology today. Social or cultural anthropology belongs to the social sciences (when it is described as social, it is by definition), and is an empirical science that formulates verifiable deductions. About human societies and culturesIt begins not with abstract assumptions, but with systematic observations between societies around the world using specific methods and techniques.

The position adopted by calling this discipline socio-cultural anthropology is consistent with the two most broad sects (social anthropology and cultural anthropology) and refers, above all, to a general theoretical and methodological extension. The one and the other, social and cultural, coincide in a large part of their object and refer to problems and solutions that are related to both. This explains why, in academic contexts, the denominations of social anthropology and cultural anthropology participate in an accepted synonym.

natural environment

Cultural anthropology proposes the idea that To understand man it is also necessary to know the natural environment. in which it with develop. The environment directly affects their behaviour, their personality development and intelligence. When it comes to nature and culture in man, we are pointing out the difference one who is born And innate and instinctive in man compared to what is achieved through learning.

human characteristics

Although nature and culture are opposite concepts in many aspects, a good part of the characteristics of the human species are the result of a Combination of innate and learned factors. In general, any human trait can be classified into one of three Categories:

  • Symptoms purely natural, Characteristics that appear in human beings without the intervention or interference of any cultural characteristic.
  • Symptoms purely cultural, Traits we get without depending on our biology.
  • symptoms that are natural and cultural, There are some innate abilities and some learning is required to achieve them.

human abilities

Some of the most important human abilities fall into this third category:

  • oral communication, It is an innate ability that cannot be properly developed without adequate cultural education.
  • emotional communication, We are born with an innate ability to express and recognize six basic emotions, but without an early emotional family environment, we would be unable to develop the wide variety of feelings and emotions that would later allow us to have a rich social life.
  • wisdom, Then, there is a natural (innate) component to our intelligence. But without adequate stimulation during childhood and extensive education in adolescence, intelligence will never develop to its full potential.

relationship with nature

The application of the notion of culture to nature has important consequences for conservation practice. Starting from this point of view, the question is, how can man relate to nature? to respect your instincts,

That is, how can they respect the expression of specific natural properties of a certain place, process or existence? when we conceive culture of nature Thus, it turns out that the protection of natural heritage is a very suitable way of applying the culture of nature.

This means, among other things, to designate something like Natural heritage means an active and concerted commitment With spaces, creatures and natural processes, even if it is to prevent more harmful human interventions.

relationship results

The concrete results of what has been proposed so far can be summarized as follows. First, given that human interaction with nature is inevitable at this point in our planet’s history, on many levels and in various ways, we need to reflect on what might have happened. best way to act,

instead of supporting the policy of apartheid between man and nature In restricted areas, leaving the rest of the area at the disposal of those who only think about maximizing their economic benefits, the culture of nature opens up the perspective of a deeper reflection on our impact on nature.

from this point of view, human presence may be acceptableEven in some parks and nature reserves, that depends on the type of commitment to the environment of the people there.

For example, in many parts of the Amazon, indigenous and white people who extract natural products from the forest (such as nuts and rubber) practice sustainable use of its rivers and forests that respect the spontaneity of natural systems.

Commitment to the culture of nature means, among other things, the protection of nature and the protection of natural heritage sites (which aim to accommodate the naturalness of nature) No need to exclude native population,

We can conclude by saying that Man is a natural and cultural animal., It adapts to the environment and develops not only biologically, but also culturally. Culture is a proper and essential element of man, it’s like second nature Produced by man, which facilitates adaptation to the natural environment. Culture is everything that is produced by man in society, everything in which human intervention is present.

Finally, share this reflection Friedrich Nietzsche,
“The fact that we find ourselves so comfortable in the midst of nature that it holds no opinion of us.”

culture as second nature

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