The Chamber of Deputies approved the opinion issued by the Mexican Air Space Protection Law, which grants the Ministry of National Defense (sedena) Control and monitoring of the Mexican skies.
With 261 votes in favor, 198 against and 26 voting against, deputies approved the initiative presented by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador to create a surveillance and security system for Mexican airspace, coordinated by the sedena To prevent and counter illegal air operations and which are a threat to national security.
The Presidential Project argues that the main objectives of this new norm are to address the problems of fake flight licenses, identity theft, aircraft without documents, illegal transportation of hydrocarbons, operating on secret runways and corruption of officials facilitating illegal flights. Is.
Because of this, a National Center for Airspace Surveillance and Security To observe the flight maneuvers of the aircraft and determine whether the flight is authorized.
The said center will be built with the resources of the Mexican Air Force and the command of the Integral Air Surveillance System of the National Defense General Staff, which will monitor traffic that deviates from regulated operations, protect national sovereignty, prevent illegal use of airspace Prevents and takes action against acts that violate the safety of civil aviation.
Whereas the surveillance and security system of Mexican airspace aims at the coordination between its dependencies and the institutions of administration that integrate it to prevent and combat illegal air operations that threaten national security.
Also, makes National Council for Surveillance and Security of Airspace, as the national body responsible for integrating and coordinating actions aimed at maintaining the security and sovereignty of airspace, for which it will issue policies for coordination and exchange of information between dependents and entities. Integrated by the National Defense, Navy, Interior, Infrastructure, Communications and Transport, Security and Civil Defense, Finance and Public Debt and the Interior Secretariat.
The opinion also defines infrastructure, communications and transport and the functions of the Secretariat of National Defense as responsible for guaranteeing the legal use of airspace.
And it establishes the interception procedure as a mechanism for directing the aircraft of one State to another, for the purposes of identifying it, providing assistance, monitoring its behavior, issuing instructions to return to the route or land From.
During the discussion and voting on this opinion, Deputy Mirza Flores Gómez (MC) said that his parliamentary group is concerned about the expedited process being given to issue a law that seeks to regulate the national airspace.
And it is that he alleged that the real purpose of this law is to militarize the national airspace, as he specified that the powers are removed from the Secretariat of Infrastructure, Communications and Transport and granted to the Secretariat of National Defense.
In the same sense, deputy Francisco Javier Húcus Esquivel (PRD) said that the ruling wanted to militarize the airspace and predicted that the proposal would be invalidated by the SCJN for trying to go against the Magna Carta.
Meanwhile, the issuance of this protection law by Deputy José Antonio García García (PAN) will strengthen defense and protect the national airspace, as well as allow the coordination of both civil and military operations. However, he indicated that his party would not vote.