One of the most silent and dangerous diseases suffered by the human body is diabetes, which sometimes does not manifest itself in extensive strokes; However, if it is not detected in time, it can cause irreversible damage to the body of the person who has it.
Fortunately, insulin was recognized over a century ago and it was thought that patients could be treated with this prescription. However, it is only presented as a minor treatment. As a result, medical research does not stop and fortunately, revealed a second hormone produced by adipose tissue, which, like insulin, regulates rapid glucose uptake.
known as FGF1, scientists at the Salk Institute have shown in a study published in cell metabolism That it can also help in the treatment of blood sugar.
Two hormones, insulin and FGF1, limit blood sugar levels in the same way.: They prevent the decomposition of fat under the recognized process of lipolysis, but they differ due to the fact that everyone does it in different ways.
In short, the possibility of demonstrating this other way of helping the body to fight disease has also been held up as a new opportunity to find other cures for it.
,Finding a second hormone that inhibits lipolysis and lowers glucose is a scientific breakthrough., “We have identified a new player in the regulation of fat lipolysis which will help us to better understand how energy stores are managed in the body,” says study co-author Professor Ronald Evans.
When is a person considered to have diabetes?
The CDC states that there are various blood tests that allow a doctor to make a professional diagnosis of whether or not you have diabetes. these:
In this test, the average level of sugar in the blood is measured two or three months before the completion of this test. It is normal when the result is less than 5.7%. When they are between 5.7% and 6.4%, you have prediabetes and when they are higher than 6.5%, it indicates that you have diabetes.
fasting blood sugar level
As its name indicates, this test measures the level of sugar in the blood after fasting, i.e. not eating for an entire night. When the result is 99 mg/dl or less, it means that the glucose level is normal. When it shows 100 to 125 mg/dl it means you have prediabetes. When the test indicates a value of 126 mg/dl or higher, it indicates that you have diabetes.
glucose tolerance test
This test measures the level of sugar in the bloodstream before and after consuming liquids with glucose. For this test, the person must fast the night before and a health professional will take blood to check the levels. Then, the person should drink the liquid and its levels will be checked one hour, two hours, and in some cases three hours after drinking the product.
The results show the following:
- Normal: 140 mg/dl or less in 2 hours
- Prediabetes: 140 to 199 mg/dl
- Diabetes: 200 mg/dl or more
unscheduled blood sugar test
This test can be done at any time. Fasting is not mandatory. When the value is 200 mg/dl or more, it means you have diabetes.