When you have diabetes You have to have good control of blood sugar regularly, as its increase can show complications in the body. The absorption of sugar is quickly converted into energy by the brain and nerves will require a constant supply, as it is one of the macronutrients, along with fat and protein, that provide us with energy.
Glucose is obtained from foods rich in carbohydrates Such as grains (rice, wheat, oats, millet, sorghum or corn), pasta and artisan breads, quinoa or buckwheat, fresh fruits and dried fruits, tubers such as cassava, potatoes, carrots, pumpkin and sweet potatoes, vegetables and honey. These would be healthy choices for getting glucose, but also unhealthy sources such as sweets, desserts, candy, sugar gum, pastries and confectionery, juices, cookies and breakfast cereals, soluble cocoa, sauces (ketchup, sweet and sour sauce, barbecue) Huh. sauces, Caesar sauce), ice cream, yogurt and sweetened dairy products, pre-cooked or frozen foods to heat and go, among others that we should avoid.
What is the ideal blood glucose level?
World Health Organization considers 100 mg/dL Blood sugar completely normal. Fasting, when blood glucose is measured at least eight hours after a meal, the range is between 70 and 100 mg/dl. When sugar is between 100 and 125 mg/dl, it is called altered basal glycemia and 126 mg/dl or more indicates a diagnosis of diabetes.
if you have diabetes type 1 The American Diabetes Association recommends that blood sugar be 90 to 130 mg/dL for adults. Blood sugar in adults should be less than 180 mg/dl 1 to 2 hours after a meal. Once the day has passed, blood sugar should be 90 to 150 mg/dl for adults.
if you are suffering from diabetes type 2 The association recommends that before meals, blood sugar should be 70 to 130 mg/dL for adults and that blood sugar should be less than 180 mg/dL for adults one to two hours after a meal.
it should be taken into account that these signs will vary Depending on the individual, as other factors such as age, stress, physical activity, if other medicines are taken at the same time or if you have any other disease will affect blood sugar levels.
when the level is low
When the blood sugar level is very low, that would be below 72 mg/dl, we would be talking about hypoglycemia. Symptoms are:
- to sweat
- is hungry
- feeling dizzy
- tremors and anxiety
Reducing the intake of blood sugar is dangerous for our body because as we mentioned earlier, the nerves require it continuously. Lack of food, increased physical activity or consumption of alcohol can be some of the reasons for this.
When the levels are high
When glucose levels remain high and for a long period of time, the consequences are dire. These are the symptoms:
- frequent urge to urinate
- increased thirst
- hard to focus
The causes can be consuming more carbohydrates than recommended, not taking enough insulin in case of diabetes, lack of physical activity, dehydration and side effects of certain drugs like steroids.