Diabetes is a lifelong disease that requires constant attention and care. Daily self-management actions are necessary to adequately control the disease and its management may depend on its severity and on each individual.
What are the best habits to control diabetes? To what extent are they beneficial? Which habits should be avoided?
We talk about all this and much more in this article!
What is diabetes and what are its symptoms?
Diabetes is a medical condition in which a person affected higher than normal blood sugar levels, It is mainly classified into 2 types:
type 1 diabetes: type 1 diabetes is relatively rare and represents 5-10% In all cases of diabetes. This is an autoimmune response that causes the pancreas to produce little or no insulin, leading to high blood sugar. The immune system mistakenly sees insulin-producing cells as a threat and destroys them. It is more common in children and young adults. is one lifelong disease It usually begins in childhood or adolescence and persists throughout a person’s life. Insulin may be needed on a daily basis for the person to survive and live well with the disease.
diabetes type 2: Type 2 diabetes is easier to detect and more likely to happen represents 90% of all cases Of diabetes It differs from type 1 in that insulin is still made, but the body doesn’t use it properly. This may happen because the pancreas does not make enough sugar for the cells to take up, or because the cells treat insulin abnormally and take up less sugar. It usually develops in adults and the elderly, but it can also appear in children, especially if they have overweight,
Currently, it is estimated that some 5.3 million people in Spain suffer from type 2 diabetes, and it is estimated that 2.3 million people, 43% of the total, were unaware that they had the disease. we must add in these cases of Type 1, which accounts for between 5 and 1% of all people with diabetes.
attentive and considerate care Diabetes can go a long way toward reducing your risk of serious complications and leading a full, healthy life.
What are the best habits to control diabetes and avoid complications?
Here are some habits that can be adopted to help control diabetes better:
Epidemiological studies have shown that the relative risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases between 37 and 44% in smokers compared to non-smokers. Tobacco use causes a increased insulin resistance, called “insulin resistance”. Regardless of the type of diabetes, smoking makes the disease difficult to control and causes serious health complications such as:
- heart disease
- kidney diseases
- reduced blood flow, especially in the legs and feet, which can lead to amputation in severe cases
- cerebrovascular accident
- eye disease
- worsening control of blood sugar levels
follow a healthy diet, low in fat and salt
a Healthy Diet For a diabetic it is similar to a healthy diet for a normal person: lots of vegetables, healthy fats, lean protein and enough FruitBut reduce the intake of salt and sugar. Also limit foods rich in refined carbohydrates (carbonated drinks, chips, cookies, etc.) and instead choose carbohydrates that are easily broken down in the body, such as sweet potatoes, legumes, oats, etc. try to limit alcohol consumption as far as possible. Drink a lot of water try to eat more Keep cholesterol and blood pressure under control,
practice an active lifestyle
In general, physically active people have less likely to develop type 2 diabetes, In addition, the mortality rate of physically inactive diabetics is twice that of an active diabetic, researchers report. Cooper Clinic, The recent increase in obesity among adolescents and adults has fueled an increase in diabetes cases in recent years, especially with regard to type 2 diabetes. weight loss, even by small margins, is associated with Improving glycemic control, reducing the need for diabetes medication, and improving the quality of life of diabetics, There are many activities that diabetics can do to be more physically active. It is important to rule them out after consulting a health professional.
sleep a lot
Getting too little or too much sleep can increase your appetite, affect what you eat, change your body’s response to insulin, and affect your mental health. It is recommended that adults sleep at least between 7 and 8 hours at night, and children and adolescents sleep between 9 and 10 hours, A consistent sleep schedule will help a person be in a better mood and keep energy levels at a good level. Avoid caffeine and large meals before bedtime, as well as using light-emitting screens, such as mobile phones and television, before bedtime.
check blood glucose daily
Helps in daily blood sugar monitoring Control the body’s response to medication, diet and general lifestyle, This can make the diabetic aware of any complications and it is good to sit down with the doctor to understand what is the ideal glucose range of the person so that he/she can aim for it every day during the test.
beware of scratches
High blood sugar increases inflammation in cells, prevents nutrients from reaching cells, and generally negatively affects the immune system. It also affects a diabetic patient’s ability to heal and can increase the risk of infection, especially in diabetics. Pies, Diabetics are more prone to foot ulcers, which is why it’s important to do regular self-exams and pay close attention to sores and cuts, no matter how small or insignificant they may seem.
Stressful situations are experienced by everyone, but because of this, it is more dangerous for diabetics than others. ability to influence blood sugar level, That’s why it’s important to learn how to deal with stress effectively. There are many relaxation exercises, such as yoga, meditation, tai chi, etc., that help calm the nerves and control breathing better.
go to the doctor regularly
It is advised to visit the doctor as regularly as possible so that he can monitor patient progress And give suggestions based on your situation. A check-up is also advised to rule out eye, nerve, kidney damage and other complications that may arise. Be honest with the doctor and answer all his questions.
Controlling diabetes may seem difficult at the time of diagnosis, but it is possible with regular attention and care. try be positive and control the disease as much as possible. It’s important to realize that everyone’s diabetes is different, and some may continue to experience complications even with optimal care. Do not be discouraged if positive results are not visible immediately, you have to understand that it is a gradual process It will take time. And what is most important, do not hesitate to regularly contact your doctor to follow the development of the disease. Managing diabetes isn’t easy, but it’s worth it!