Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by high blood sugar levels that over time can cause serious damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves.
The most common is type 2 diabetes, which usually occurs in adults and occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or does not produce enough of this hormone, which is responsible for passing sugar from the blood into cells. Is.
According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has increased dramatically over the past three decades. Overweight, obesity, and physical inactivity are the main risk factors for this condition.
A healthy diet, regular exercise, maintaining a normal body weight and avoiding tobacco use are ways to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes, according to the aforementioned health organization, which warns that 62 million people in the U.S. alone have it. People are suffering from it. This disease
However, type 2 diabetes is not the only one. There is also type 1, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce insulin, allowing excess glucose to build up in the blood., The United States National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases specifies.
Diet is important to avoid and control any type of diabetes. According to MedlinePlus Medical Library, blood sugar comes from certain foods called carbohydrates. Foods with a high content increase the level of sugar; Therefore, choosing the right products is an important way to maintain healthy glucose levels, thereby reducing the chances of serious health problems such as vision loss and heart disease.
When a person has prediabetes or is at risk for diabetes, eating foods that keep their blood sugar levels healthy can help prevent type 2 diabetes in the future.
What is the best diet?
Although there is no specific diet or meal plan that works for everyone, as it depends on the medications the person is taking, their weight, their lifestyle, their tastes, and their goals; The truth is that all eating plans for people with this disease have a few things in common, including that a variety of healthy foods from all food groups should be consumed.
As such, the diet should include fruits and vegetables, whole grains such as whole wheat, brown rice, barley, quinoa and oats, proteins such as lean meats, chicken, turkey, fish, eggs, nuts, beans, lentils and tofu. and skimmed or low-fat dairy products such as milk, yogurt and cheese.
According to experts, it is important to reduce the intake of foods and beverages high in carbohydrates to maintain adequate blood sugar levels. This does not mean that they can never be enjoyed, but it does mean that they should be consumed less frequently or in smaller amounts.
On this list are sweet foods such as candy, cookies, cakes, ice cream, sweetened cereals, and fruit canned with added sugar; beverages with added sugars, such as juice, regular soda, and regular sports or energy drinks; White rice, tortillas, breads, and pasta, especially those made with white flour, and starchy vegetables, such as white potatoes, corn, and peas.
You may also need to limit the amount of alcohol the person drinks, as well as the amount of fat and salt. Similarly, if a person has diabetes then he should eat the right amount of food every day. Your meal plan will include how much to eat so that you get the recommended amount of carbohydrates at each meal or snack.
Eating at the right time is also important. Regular and balanced meal planning should be done to avoid high or low blood sugar levels. One of the experts’ recommendations is to consume an equal amount of carbohydrates at each meal.