diet for diabetic patients, What characteristics should be taken into account when grow your feed,
diet in diabetics is a set points for controlling your disease, Whether they are Type I or II, they should be taken very strict diet, For this reason, it is very important that carbohydrates are chosen carefully and according to their glycemic index.
Diet for Diabetics: Glucose
to classify carbohydratesThe physiological effects that they produced directly on glucose and indirectly on insulin were taken as reference. With regard to the first, a glycemia value of 100 was assigned, and the rest of the carbohydrates were graded from there.
Diabetics should follow a strict diet
When we eat any food rich in carbohydrates, glucose levels There is a progressive increase in the blood as starches and sugars are digested and assimilated. That is why this index is of great importance, since a sharp increase in blood sugar should be avoided.
glycemic index It depends on how fast the sugar is absorbed from the intestine and reaches the blood. main factors Those affecting the glycemic index are:
- fiber content.
- Your contribution of fat.
- Simple sugar. The higher the fructose-glucose ratio, the better the glycemic index, because fructose is converted to glucose in the liver.
- From the composition of the remaining food present in the intestines of the stomach during digestion.
Diabetes Diet: Glycemic Load
index glycemic It can be modified by cooking method and by mixing it with other foods. Fats, for example, delay gastrointestinal transit and reduce glucose spikes after meals.
By rapidly increasing the level of blood sugar, it secretes large amounts of insulin, but in the case of diabetic patients The pancreas doesn’t work well for them. For this reason, they are not able to remove that extra glucose from the blood. High blood sugar levels can affect our organs, such as the kidneys, or even our vision.
But we have to keep in mind that when we take that food separately, its glycemic index reacts. Something that rarely happens. so we talk charge glycemic (Glycemic index according to the amount of carbohydrates per serving).
theory says that if we eat together low glycemic index, the blood sugar level will be more stable. But if we give you a lot of food in one go, then the blood glucose will also increase a lot.
- Low glycemic index from 0 to 55
- Moderate glycemic index 55 to 75
- high glycemic index greater than 75
for control our glucose levels We must take into account both the direct type of carbon and the quantity. Therefore, the diet of a diabetic will be based on a mixture of low glycemic index or medium glycemic index carbohydrates with fiber.
However, as it is a disease, it is always better to be under medical supervision. If you have more questions, here is more information about the importance of a good diet in preventing chronic diseases.