It is true that obese people have different populations of gut bacteria than lean people. It is not known whether this difference contributes to obesity or is a consequence of it. So far no clear answers have been found in the investigation. He said that while taking a probiotic is unlikely to cause any harm, it may not help fight obesity. Doctor. meera shahEndocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota
First, it’s important to understand that weight gain is essentially a function of an energy imbalance. Weight gain occurs when you eat more calories than your body burns. In addition, it has been shown that intestinal bacteria affect the efficiency with which the body extracts energy from food that reaches the small intestine.
The digestive tract, also known as the gut, contains trillions of bacteria. Many of these bacteria perform useful functions in the body, such as metabolizing nutrients in food. While many of the bacteria in your gut are valuable, some are not. Studies have been conducted on how an imbalance between good and bad gut bacteria may contribute to certain medical disorders.
Eating foods, such as yogurt and sauerkraut, that contain probiotics (a type of good bacteria), or taking probiotic supplements has been shown to be beneficial for health. Although more research is needed, there is evidence that probiotics can improve gut health, she said.
However, to date, the only studies showing solid results that changing the composition of gut bacteria (sometimes called the gut microbiome) affects weight were done in germ-free mice. In contrast, in humans, the data is mixed when it comes to the role of probiotics in weight loss, said the expert in the E.Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism.
An analysis of the results of published research studies examining probiotics and weight loss did not reveal a clear answer. This is, in part, because the research methods varied greatly between those studies and included a range of different probiotics.
It is clear that the most important factor determining the composition of the gut microbiome is diet. However, once again, that begs the question of which comes first. Does obesity cause a certain type of microbiome? Or does a certain type of microbiome cause obesity? At present it is not known.
What is known is that there are steps you can take to maintain a healthy gut microbiome, and these steps should help with weight loss as well. For example, eating lots of fruits and vegetables helps the good bacteria in the gut to thrive.
It can also be helpful for satisfying hunger and limiting excessive intake of snacks and other unnecessary calories. Additionally, limiting fat, sugar and animal protein sources may also help maintain a healthy gut microbiome, as research shows that diets high in these foods correlate with a more unfavorable bacterial composition in the gut. it happens.
Taking probiotic supplements may also improve gut microbiome health, but what role these supplements play in weight loss is unclear. The most reliable way to lose weight is to eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly so that you burn more calories than you consume.