Tuesday, January 31, 2023

Early treatment to reduce symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism

In the United States, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is more common in women, with an incidence of 3.5 per 1,000 women per year and 0.8 per 1,000 men per year.

The most common serological finding in patients presenting is the presence of antibodies against thyroid peroxidase. Photo: shutterstock.

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is defined by a gradual failure of thyroid function due to autoimmune destruction and apoptosis of cells in the thyroid gland. Thyroid, In this thyroiditis there is destruction of follicular cells, mediated by diffuse lymphocytic infiltration, in which B cells and T cells predominate.

can produce changes in the infiltrative disorder, such as a goiter or an enlargement of the gland Thyroid and autoimmune atrophic thyroiditis. In an article written for the Journal of Medicine and Public Health (MSP) by endocrinologist Monica Vega Vazquez, it is explained that:

“The most common serological finding presented in all of these patients is the presence of antibodies against peroxidase Thyroid (TPO) and thyroglobulin (Tg) antibodies. Thyroglobulin is synthesized by follicular cells Thyroid, are secreted into the lumen of the follicle and then cleaved by peptidases, producing thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). For its part, TPO is an important enzyme in hormonegenesis; Together they play a fundamental role in the production of hormones. Thyroid,

In the United States, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is more common in women, with an incidence of 3.5 per 1,000 women per year and 0.8 per 1,000 men per year. During this disorder there is a gradual loss of function of the conserved gland, resulting in a marked hypothyroidism which is characterized by increased levels of stimulating hormone. Thyroid (TSH) and thyroxine (T4) hormone levels decrease.

Signs and symptoms:

  • fatigue

  • fatigue

  • cold intolerance

  • cognitive dysfunction

  • constipation

  • dry skin

  • Swelling

  • bradycardia

  • delayed relaxation of reflexes

  • edema periorbital

  • hoarseness

  • myalgias and arthralgias

  • weight gain

  • menstrual cycle

  • diastolic hypertension

  • galactorrhea


Treatment is given through the intake of synthetic levothyroxine which serves to replace the thyroid hormone which normalizes TSH levels in the range of 0.4 to 4 mU/L, improving the clinical symptoms presented by the patient and reduces the size. Goitre.

Graves’ disease or diffuse toxic goiter

It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and usually presents as a syndrome that includes a goiter, or an enlarged thyroid gland. Thyroid, ophthalmopathy or orbitopathy. Occasionally, dermopathy or localized pretibial myxedema. The dominant autoantigen in this disorder is the hormone-stimulating hormone receptor. Thyroid (TSHR) is the one that controls the growth, production and secretion of its hormones by the gland.

This disease is common in women aged 30 to 50 years.

Signs and symptoms:

  • heat intolerance

  • excessive sweating and hot skin

  • palpitations and tachycardia
  • increased bowel frequency

  • menstrual cycle

  • vibrations

  • muscle weakness

  • fatigue

  • hyperreflexia

  • hyperactivity and irritability

  • weight loss with increased appetite

  • insomnia

  • Some patients may present with ocular symptoms such as Graves’ ophthalmopathy.


Treatment of hyperthyroidism associated with Graves’ disease includes antithyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, or surgery. ThyroidThese alternatives have been found to be effective, adverse effects can be significant.


For endocrinologist Monica Vega Vazquez, “autoimmune diseases of the thyroid gland are complex and can result in clinical conditions that certainly affect the quality of life of the patients who present them. However, if Once risk factors and signs are recognized and these are symptomatic, treatment may be offered early in the course of the disease to ease your symptoms by altering or restoring your thyroid function.”

Nation World News Desk
Nation World News Deskhttps://nationworldnews.com
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